Improved compost preparation

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Improved compost preparation using a range of biomass and waste to produce high value fertilizer

Compost can be prepared from a wide range of organic materials including dead plant material such as crop residues, weeds, forest litter, and kitchen waste. Compost making is an efficient way of converting all kinds of biomass into high value fertilizer that serves as a good alternative to farmyard manure, especially for crop-growing households without livestock. The compost is often mixed with forest soil, ripe compost from the previous batch, or even a small amount of animal dung as a starter for the decomposition process. The mix of materials determines the quality of the final compost as much as the management of the composting process. Nitrogen-rich fresh materials such as legume residues and many types of weeds and shrubs are mixed with carbon-rich forest litter and cereal residues. Small amounts of wood ash, lime, or mineral fertilizer can help increase or balance the overall nutrient content of the compost. 

The compost needs to be turned every 30-50 days depending on the mix and the outside temperature. It should be protected from direct sunlight, rainfall and runoff so as to reduce volatilisation and leaching of nutrients. The material must remain moist at all times to avoid slowing down decomposition and hindering the efficiency of the micro and macro-organisms involved in decomposition. Heaping the compost or collecting the material in a pit helps the compost to reach the temperatures needed (700C) to destroy pests and weeds. Once the compost is well decomposed and has an earthy smell, it can be applied directly or stored for later application. It can be applied as a crop fertilizer in rows or to individual plants for improving general soil fertility and organic matter content,
thus improving the soil structure and its water holding capacity.

Achievement

The use of compost reduced the need for mineral fertilizer thus reducing
production costs and outside dependence - Further promote the technology
to increase this impact Compost making does not require any livestock - Its low cost and use of local materials makes it the fertilizer of choice for poor households In-situ composting saves labour involved in transporting compost to the fields
  • Simple technology close to and derived from traditional practices and using locally available materials
  • Compatible with traditional practices
  • Moderately fast impact is visible (mainly through better physical conditions of the soil)
  • Reduced pest incidence in the soil due to well decomposed compost
  • No need for livestock
  • Inexpensive (except semi-pit method)

Project/Programme Info

PARDYP

Implementers

  • Saraswoti Bhetwal - Lamidihi, Panchkhal VDC, Ward No.4
     
  • Harimaya Panday - Dhotra, Panchkhal, VDC, Ward No. 9
  • Nara Bahadur Panday - Dhotra, Panchkhal, VDC, Ward No. 9
  • Ramesh Bika - Dhotra, Panchkhal, VDC, Ward No. 9
  • Pitambar Danuwar - Dhotra, Panchkhal, VDC, Ward No. 8
  • Rama Danuwar - Dhotra, Panchkhal, VDC, Ward No. 8
  • Januka Dhungel - Ekanta Basti, Dhotra, Panchkhal, VDC
  • Nirmala Shrestha - Bakhreldihi, Panchkhal, VDC, Ward No. 7
  • Krishna Bahadur Baniya - Bakhreldihi, Panchkhal, VDC, Ward No. 7
  • Basanta Lal Shrestha - Kharelthok VDC, Ward No. 1
  • Buddha Laxmi Shrestha - Kharelthok VDC, Ward No. 1
  • Ramesh Kharel - Kharelthok VDC, Ward No. 5
  • Mahalaxmi Kharel - Kharelthok VDC, Ward No. 4
  • Indra Bahadur Tamang - Kubhinde, Panchkhal


Duartion

January - December

Geographical Coverage


For further information contact:

Madhav Dhakal/Vijay Danuwar

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