04 Nov 2011
There is a growing recognition that countries of the Indus River Basin face major and changing threats to their future water security and thus to their peoples critical food and energy needs. The recognized feature of the Indus basin is that the downstream areas are highly dependent on water resources originating in the upper catchments mountainous water sources as the lower Indus is generally semi-arid basin is naturally water stressed. The river is lifeline of Pakistan's huge and growing population and the downstream areas. It has the largest irrigation system in the World that depends on transboundary water. The countries in the basin are already facing water shortages in terms of water withdrawal and per capita water availability.