A multiple-use water system

A multiple-use water system gives a community access to water for domestic use and water for crop irrigation.

A multiple-use water system (MUS) is a combined water facility that has proven useful as a means of providing drinking water and water for irrigation for smallholder farmers in the hilly areas of Nepal. Water is collected by gravity from a highland source into a holding tank and is shared by means of distribution lines, domestic tap stands, and irrigation off-take lines. It can also support application of micro-irrigation technologies (MIT) such as drip and micro sprinkler irrigation systems.

MUS is a community-managed system that caters mainly to smallholder landowners and marginal households in rural hilly areas. When properly implemented, it can help to alleviate poverty and increase food security for poor and marginalized groups. The first priority is to provide drinking water and water for domestic use to the community; any excess water is used for agriculture and irrigation.

WOCAT database reference: QA NEP 29

Location: Kaski, Lamjunj, Tanahun, Dhading, Sangjya, Gulmi, Arghakhanchi, Palpa, Udayapur, Pyuthan, Rolpa, Rukum, Salyan, Dang, Surkhet, Dailekh, Jajarkot, Kalikot, Mugu, Humla, Jumla, Doti, Dadeldhura, Lalitpur, and Kabhrepalinchok Districts, Nepal

Approach area: 45,000–50,000 km2

Land use: Annual cropping

Type of approach: Project/programme based

Focus: Collect water from a small-scale source and distribute it both for domestic use and for the production of vegetables and high value crops

Related technology: Not described

Stakeholders/target groups: Land users individual/group, SLM specialists, agricultural advisors, Local leaders and local government, Teachers, students and parents, Women/Men/Dalit/Janajati/Brahmin/Chhetri

Compiled by: Parmanand Jha, IDE Nepal

Date: August 2011, updated March 2013

Kaski, Lamjunj, Tanahun, Dhading, Sangjya, Gulmi, Arghakhanchi, Palpa, Udayapur, Pyuthan, Rolpa, Rukum, Salyan, Dang, Surkhet, Dailekh, Jajarkot, Kalikot, Mugu, Humla, Jumla, Doti, Dadeldhura, Lalitpur, and Kabhrepalinchok Districts, Nepal