Using the fact sheets:
technologies and approaches

There are two different types of fact sheet, one describing a technology, the other an approach. WOCAT defines soil and water conservation (SWC) technologies as “agronomic, vegetative, structural, and or management measures that prevent and control land degradation and enhance productivity in the field”, and approaches as "the ways and means of support that help introduce, implement, adapt, and apply SWC technologies on the ground". A number of the fact sheets describe a technical intervention in conjunction with a specific approach. 

The individual fact sheets suggest solutions for specific aspects of problems related to water, land degradation, and sustainable land management; separate fact sheets can be integrated to make a package of practices for a particular topic. For example, an overall approach to vegetable farming can be developed by referring to the fact sheets on grafting technology for stronger plants, polypit nurseries for raising healthy seedlings, poly house and plastic film technology to give a better environment for growth, different composting and urine application technologies to supply nutrients, different water harvesting technologies and technologies for efficient use of harvested water (drip, sprinkler irrigation), and organic pest management to minimize the risk of crop failure due to disease and pest attack. 

The technologies which address the negative impact of extreme weather events are also dealt with in the fact sheets. Water scarcity issues for drinking and irrigation can be addressed implementing different water harvesting and management technologies like conservation ponds, rooftop rainwater harvesting, treadle pump, micro irrigation technologies. Soil loss from the sloping land due to excess rainfall/runoff can be addressed implementing the technologies like terracing, contour bunding and implementing hedgerow technology, and constructing low cost check dams; and stream bank erosion can be addressed by implementing vegetative (Salix planting, brushwood check dams ) and structural (stone spur). To increase the farm income of the slopping land KIWI fruit farming would be an appropriate option. Riverbed farming is another example, where, due to continuous encroachment and conversion of productive agricultural land to barren riverbeds and banks by annual flooding. About 8,000 hectares of such riverbed land can be used for agricultural cultivation.

The linkage through market mechanism between suppliers (producers) and buyers (market) is equally important to ensure land users that their products are sold. The Participatory market Chain approach (PMCA) can be useful for structuring participatory processes with involvement of different market chain actors to enhance rural poor smallholder vegetable farmers' livelihood by increasing their income and capacitating them through development of coordination and linkages between smallholder producers and market chain actors.

In all cases, it is important to consider whether a described practice is appropriate for use in a particular environment. The factsheets indicate the characteristics of the area where the technology or approach was successfully implemented which can be used as a guide.