Loss of glacier area was mostly observed below 5600ma.s.l. and was greater for clean-ice glaciers. The equilibrium-line altitude has shifted upward from 5170110ma.s.l. to 5350150ma.s.l. in the years 1980–2010.
Approximately 45 national and international experts on the Upper Indus Basin and media persons will observe glacier monitoring stations, hydrological stations, and weather stations installed by the Pakistan Meteorological Department, Water and Power Development Authority, and other organizations.