Wester, P; Singh Rathore, BM; Vasily, LA; Sharma, E; Molden, D (2020). 'The Hindu Kush Himalaya Call to Action: Sustaining Mountain Environments and Improving Livelihoods.' In Mountain Research and Development 40.
The Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) is the pulse of the planet. Being at the top of the world, changes happen here before anywhere else. But urgent actions are required to ensure the health of this global asset and the wellbeing of its people. The implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in the HKH needs to become a global top priority, and keeping global warming below the ambitious 1.5°C target is especially urgent here. These 6 urgent actions summarize the HKH Call to Action, formulated through a rigorous consultative process coordinated by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development in the eight HKH countries, based on the key findings of the Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment report.
Maharjan, A; Kochhar, I; Chitale, VS; Hussain, A; Gioli, G (2020). 'Understanding Rural Outmigration and Agricultural Land Use Change in the Gandaki Basin, Nepal.' In Applied Geography 124: 102278 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2020.102278.
This study investigates agricultural land use change in Chitwan, Nuwakot, and Lamjung districts of Nepal during 1990–2017 in relation to rural outmigration. We use an interdisciplinary approach integrating macro scale and longitudinal geospatial analysis with quantitative econometric causal analysis and participatory qualitative methods. Results show that agricultural land abandonment is higher in mountain areas than in the Terai. The effect of outmigration on agricultural land abandonment also has an important gender dimension: when men outmigrate, women continue farming leading to feminization of agriculture, but when women migrate in significant numbers, there are only older parents left who are often unable to continue farming. Similarly, international migration (of both men and women) did not show any significant impact on agricultural land abandonment.
Baig, SM; Khan, AA; Ali, A; Khan, MZ; Ahmed, S; Shah, GM; Ali, G (2020). 'Enhancing Socioeconomic Resilience and Climate Adaptation through Value Chain Development of Mountain Products in Hindu Kush Himalayas.' In Environment, Development and Sustainability DOI: 10.1007/s10668-020-00975-9.
We examine the dynamics of 443 households’ income in in four valleys of northern Pakistan in the face of changing climate. We found that the mountain communities consider climate-induced natural hazards as major causes of change in household income. To enhance the socioeconomic resilience, we propose cultivating sea buckthorn and breeding yak, which are less labor intensive and are climate resilient. Products made from yak hair and dung have the potential for high return if their value chains are established. Sea buckthorn can generate by-products used for food, medicine, cosmetics, and construction. We propose value chain approaches for yak and sea-buckthorn products
Bhattarai, S; Dons, K; Pant, B (2020). 'Assessing Spatial Patterns of Forest Degradation in Dry Miombo Woodland in Southern Tanzania.' In Cogent Environmental Science 6: 1801218 DOI: 10.1080/23311843.2020.1801218.
Peppa, MV; Maharjan, SB; Joshi, SP; Xiao, W; Mills, JP (2020). 'Glacial Lake Evolution Based on Remote Sensing Time Series: A Case Study of Tsho Rolpa in Nepal.' In ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci. V-3-2020: 633-639 DOI: 10.5194/isprs-annals-V-3-2020-633-2020.