Gupta, N; Dahal, S; Kumar, A; Kumar, C; Kumar, M; Maharjan, A; Mishra, D; Mohanty, A; Navaraj, A; Pandey, S; Prakash, A; Prasad, E; Shrestha, K; Shrestha, MS; Subedi, R; Subedi, T; Tiwary, R; Tuladhar, R; Unni, A (2021). 'Rich Water, Poor People: Potential for Transboundary Flood Management between Nepal and India.' In Current Research in Environmental Sustainability 3: 100031 DOI: 10.1016/j.crsust.2021.100031.
We focused on the flood-related, transboundary challenges in the Koshi and Gandak river basins. We stressed that since the floods have strong upstream–downstream linkages, their management demands joint action at various levels of governance. Transboundary cooperation is essential for developing a relationship of trust and a common understanding to work towards managing floods, especially in downstream areas of Nepal and India. We recommend potential actions for transboundary flood management between Nepal and India to enhance the resilience of communities and river basins.
Hussain, A; Qamar, FM; Adhikari, L; Hunzai, AI; Rehman, Au; Bano, K (2021). 'Climate Change, Mountain Food Systems, and Emerging Opportunities: A Study from the Hindu Kush Karakoram Pamir Landscape, Pakistan.' In Sustainability 13: 3057.
We investigated the mountain food systems in the Hindu Kush Karakoram Pamir Landscape, Pakistan. We collected data from four study sites at different altitudes to find that the contribution of local agriculture and livestock to people’s food consumption has gradually declined. Local food systems are losing diversity, which has negatively impacted people’s dietary diversity. In all sites, local people perceived mixed impacts of climate change on food systems. Moreover, local people perceived negative impacts of climate change on pastures and water availability in traditional irrigation systems. Benefits from local organic production, livestock integration, value chain development, traditional food crops, medicinal plants, and protected vegetables cultivation need to be maximized to reduce the vulnerability of food systems. Nepal, B; Shrestha, D; Sharma, S; Shrestha, MS; Aryal, D; Shrestha, N (2021). 'Assessment of Gpm-Era Satellite Products’ (Imerg and Gsmap) Ability to Detect Precipitation Extremes over Mountainous Country Nepal.' In Atmosphere 12: 254.
Bhattarai, S; Regmi, BR; Pant, B; Uprety, DR; Maraseni, T (2021).'Sustaining Ecosystem Based Adaptation: The Lessons from Policy and Practices in Nepal.' In Land Use Policy 104: 105391 DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2021.105391.
We examined the effectiveness of and challenges to interventions implemented through ecosystem-based adaption (EbA). Though EbA is spelled out in most of Nepal’s climate change policies, it faces sustainability issues due to low priority, lack of a proper institutional mechanism, and inadequate budget provisions. EbA-related activities are implemented on a small scale and short period and fail to demonstrate tangible impacts. The sustainability of EbA practices in Nepal will be ensured only if it is mainstreamed in the government's regular planning process, receives enough budget from the government, and has robust institutional mechanisms in place for implementing and monitoring EbA activities. Our findings can be useful for policymakers, practitioners, and development agencies to shape interventions to institutionalize the EbA approach in developing countries.