Chitale, VS; Murthy, MSR; Gilani, H; Ghate, R (2020). 'Understanding socio-ecological drivers of fuelwood dynamics and their impact in Churia hills of Nepal.' In Tropical Ecology 61: 76-83 DOI: 10.1007/s42965-020-00069-7.
We propose an innovative approach of coupling socio-ecological attributes in Kayarkhola watershed in Churia hills, Nepal, using remote-sensing datasets and field observations to understand the patterns of fuelwood dynamics. Using multi-temporal moderate resolution satellite datasets, we analyse the patterns of land use and land cover change from 1990 to 2010 and assessed the effectiveness of community forestry management. We observed low forest loss in community forests in comparison with those falling outside community forests. We conclude that family size, income levels, and illiteracy are the most significant individual factors. The scenarios developed in this study can be extrapolated in different landscapes to quantify the fuelwood dynamics, which will help in better forest cover management and conservation.
Gupta, N; Tiwari, V; Everard, M; Savage, M; Hussain, SA; Chadwick, MA; Johnson, JA; Nawab, A; Belwal, VK (2020). 'Assessing the distribution pattern of otters in four rivers of the Indian Himalayan biodiversity hotspot, 2020.' In Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 30: 601-610 DOI: 10.1002/aqc.3284.
Hamal, K; Sharma, S; Khadka, N; Baniya, B; Ali, M; Shrestha, MS; Xu, T; Shrestha, D; Dawadi, B (2020). 'Evaluation of MERRA-2 precipitation products using gauge observation in Nepal, 2020.' In Hydrology 7: 40.
Immerzeel, WW; Lutz, AF; Andrade, M; Bahl, A; Biemans, H; Bolch, T; Hyde, S; Brumby, S; Davies, BJ; Elmore, AC; Emmer, A; Feng, M; Fernández, A; Haritashya, U; Kargel, JS; Koppes, M; Kraaijenbrink, PDA; Kulkarni, AV; Mayewski, PA; Nepal, S; Pacheco, P; Painter, TH; Pellicciotti, F; Rajaram, H; Rupper, S; Sinisalo, A; Shrestha, AB; Viviroli, D; Wada, Y; Xiao, C; Yao, T; Baillie, JEM (2020). 'Importance and vulnerability of the world’s water towers.' In Nature 577: 364-369 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1822-y.
Mountains are the water towers of the world. They are highly sensitive and prone to climate change, yet their importance and vulnerability have not been quantified at the global scale. We present a global water tower index, which ranks all water towers in terms of their water-supplying role and the downstream dependence of ecosystems and society. We assess each water tower's vulnerability related to water stress, governance, hydropolitical tension, and future climatic and socioeconomic changes. We conclude that the most important water towers are also among the most vulnerable, and that climatic and socioeconomic changes will affect them profoundly. Immediate action is required to safeguard the future of the world’s most important and vulnerable water towers.
KC, B; Mahapatra, PS; Thakker, D; Henry, AP; Billington, CK; Sayers, I; Puppala, SP; Hall, IP (2020). 'Proinflammatory effects in Ex Vivo human lung tissue of respirable smoke extracts from indoor cooking in Nepal.' In Annals of the American Thoracic Society 17: 688-698 DOI: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201911-827OC.
Rasul, G; Pasakhala, B; Mishra, A; Pant, S (2020). 'Adaptation to mountain cryosphere change: issues and challenges.' In Climate and Development 12: 297-309 DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2019.1617099.
The cryosphere provides multiple services to society, but mountain cryosphere is shrinking at an alarming rate worldwide due to climate change. Adaptation to cryosphere change is essential to avoid irreversible damage. We synthesize adaptation actions currently practised in the mountain ranges of the Andes, Alps, Pamir, Tien Shan, and Himalaya in response to cryosphere change; discuss common constraints; and suggest actions for creating an enabling environment for adaptation. It identifies various adaptation measures adopted by different actors. However, most adaptation measures are autonomous, narrowly focused and short term, without adequate planning and government support. Further research is needed to better understand factors influencing adaptation actions, and the policy options and responses that can overcome existing barriers.
Thorn, JPR; Klein, JA; Steger, C; Hopping, KA; Capitani, C; Tucker, CM; Nolin, AW; Reid, RS; Seidl, R; Chitale, VS; Marchant, R (2020). 'A systematic review of participatory scenario planning to envision lountain social-ecological systems futures.' In Ecology and Society 25 DOI: 10.5751/ES-11608-250306.