Bharadwaj, B; Rai, RK; Nepal, M (2020). 'Sustainable Financing for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Nepal.' In PLOS ONE 15: e0231933 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0231933.
We used plastic waste to explore the possibility of generating revenue for financing financing municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Nepal’s municipalities. We find that anincrease in 1% of plastic material recovery rate and collection efficiency could cover an additional 4.64% and 2.06% of the costs of managing plastic waste, respectively. In addition, an increase in tax on imported plastic materials could also motivate recovery of plastic waste for recycle and reuse. This plastic recovery- revenue exercise could be expanded to other materials such as paper and metal to fully understand the possibility of sustainable financing of MSW management and reducing environmental harm in developing countries like Nepal.
Sharma, G; Namchu, C; Nyima, K; Luitel, M; Singh, S; Goodrich, CG (2020). 'Water Management Systems of Two Towns in the Eastern Himalaya: Case Studies of Singtam in Sikkim and Kalimpong in West Bengal States of India.' In Water Policy 22: 107-129 DOI: 10.2166/wp.2019.229.
Adhikari, S; Mahapatra, PS; Pokheral, CP; Puppala, SP (2020). 'Cookstove Smoke Impact on Ambient Air Quality and Probable Consequences for Human Health in Rural Locations of Southern Nepal.' In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17020550.
Ahmed, B; Rahman, MS; Sammonds, P; Islam, R; Uddin, K (2020). 'Application of Geospatial Technologies in Developing a Dynamic Landslide Early Warning System in a Humanitarian Context: The Rohingya Refugee Crisis in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.' In Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk 11: 446-468 DOI: 10.1080/19475705.2020.1730988.
Our study aims to develop a localized landslide early warning system (EWS) for Rohingya refugees and their host communities in Cox’s Bazar District, Bangladesh. We use landslide inventory and susceptibility maps, rainfall thresholds, a dynamic web-based alert system, and advanced geoinformation techniques to develop the landslide EWS. We find that approximately 5,800 ha of forest land cover disappeared due to the 2017 Rohingya influx. Land cover changes through hill cutting and slope modifications, and unplanned urbanisation are predominantly responsible for slope failures. Consecutive five-day periods of rainfall between 95–220 mm could initiate landslides in highly susceptible areas. The EWS can support local authorities and international organizations in reducing disaster risks.
Chen, P; Kang, S; Tripathee, L; Panday, AK; Rupakheti, M; Rupakheti, D; Zhang, Q; Guo, J; Li, C; Pu, T (2020). 'Severe Air Pollution and Characteristics of Light-Absorbing Particles in a Typical Rural Area of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.' In Environmental Science and Pollution Research 27: 10617-10628 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-07618-6.
Raut, S; Gupta, N; Nautiyal, P; Everard, M (2020). 'Re-Establishment of Fish Passage for Conserving Threatened Migratory Species of West-Indian Himalayas.' In River Research and Applications 36: 314-317 DOI: 10.1002/rra.3577.
Field surveys between 2010 and 2018 supported by a review of published literature reveal that few fish passes have been constructed in dams in the Indian Himalayan region, and their efficacy is largely unproven. Major problems associated with fish pass designs include uneven success across a range of species and largely untested effectiveness at the large scale of many major dams. We emphasize the need for a new approach to understand the operational drawbacks of different types of fish passes and to take an adaptive approach to both design and operation using field data to improve fish pass efficiency. These measures could contribute significantly to the conservation of threatened migratory fish in the increasingly impounded rivers of the Indian Himalayan Region.