Convention on Biological Diversity

CBD and CoP

ICIMOD will actively participate in CBD CoP15 virtually as well as face-to-face in Kunming, China. We are engaged in various activities in the lead-up to CBD CoP15, including the preparation of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.

red panda

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has announced that the CoP15 will be held in two parts:

  • 11 to 15 October 2021, in a virtual format, with limited onsite presence in Kunming of accredited delegates from embassies and organizations already located and based in China.
  • 25 April to 8 May 2022, face-to-face meeting in Kunming, China.




As an intergovernmental regional knowledge sharing centre working in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH), we will actively participate in CBD CoP15 in Kunming, China. Considering the importance of CBD CoP15 in reviewing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (2011-2020), including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, and adoption of the post-2020 biodiversity framework, we have contributed to the post-2020 framework. We have also engaged in and contributed to several initiatives leading up to CBD CoP15. We are also leading a special project on “Aichi Target 11 in South Asia sub-region” with the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD).

Preparing for CBD CoP15

We have been preparing for CBD CoP15 by proactively engaging in a number of activities and processes. We have been engaged in the drafting of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework through a number of platforms (see Figure 1). We began with the review and contributions to developing the indicators for the framework, with a special emphasis on mountains, and also joined global conservation organizations for a statement on advocacy for World Heritage to foster conservation and development. Through the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF), we shared the HKH Call to Action and One World – One Health report at the GLF Biodiversity Digital Conference last year. We also utilized other platforms and advocated for the conservation of mountain environments at the First Virtual Mountain Summit and Mountain Biodiversity Day.

We have also contributed to the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) through our participation in meetings such as briefing webinars for SBSTTA in and the informal virtual session on the 24 SBSTTA held in February 2021. These engagements are significantly important for us to put forth regional perspectives, showcase our work to the global community, receive feedback and insights to be applied in the HKH, and build networks with global, regional, and national actors. We have strongly advocated for approaches such as landscape approach in conservation, corridor connectivity and transboundary cooperation, and nature-based solutions to address ecosystem degradation, species decline, human-wildlife conflict invasive species, and others.

pathway to CoP 15
Pathways showing ICIMOD’s engagement leading up to COP 15

Planned activities for CBD CoP15

In preparation for ICIMOD’s engagement at CBD CoP15, we have planned the following activities:

Table 1: Planned activities for CBD CoP15

Activity Details Remarks
Side events
Option 1 Transboundary landscapes: Regional cooperation for socio-ecological resilience in the Hindu Kush Himalaya

Launch and promotion of HKH CBD Retrospective Assessment Report

  • Presentation and panel discussion
  • Special guest to promote the report
Option 2 Aichi Biodiversity Targets in the HKH

Launch of a compendium of best practices on protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECM)

ICIMOD and India in collaboration with SCBD
Additional Possibilities shall be explored to organize side event(s) with governments, institutes and other organizations on common agenda and outcomes. Bhutan, India, Nepal

Chinese Academy of Science, China


1. Information booth

  • To showcase the work done by ICIMOD and its partners: posters, talks, engagement.
  • Distribution of knowledge products to varied groups: policymakers, donors, general public, scientists, etc.
2. Plenary session

  • Contribution to specific sessions: Programme of work on mountain biodiversity (PoWMB) and on Protected Areas (PAs)
  • Supporting the regional member countries, if required
  • Contributing to working groups
3. CEPA Fair: A fair on experience sharing and best practices in Communication, Education and Public Awareness (CEPA)

  • Side event/discussion forums
  • Exhibition
4. Poster competition and fair

  • Submission of posters for competition and fair
5. A dedicated website at ICIMOD

  • Promotion of events
  • Putting all the activities in one window
6. Others

  • Contribution of a commentary article
  • HKH voice prior to CBD CoP15


A spotlight on our mountain biodiversity

We’re keenly looking forward to the 15th meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP15) to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) to be hosted virtually by our member country China in October and in person in Kunming during April-May 2022.

Read more

CBD project (2019-2021)

We have a special project with the CBD Secretariat, which has assigned ICIMOD as the Coordinator for the South Asia Regional Implementation Support Network to help speed-up the implementation of all priority actions and achievement of the Aichi Target 11 in the South Asia sub-region. The project fosters dialogue and experience sharing among policymakers and experts for achieving Target 11 in a coherent, mutually supportive, and decentralized manner. The network supports nine countries in the region – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. As part of the CBD-funded project, we organized a policy dialogue on Aichi Target 11 focusing on the protected areas in South Asia, and a webinar on other effective area-based conservation measures (OECM). Additionally, a compendium of good practices and case studies in protected areas and OECM, and a detailed report on the progress made against Aichi Target 11 in the South Asia region are being readied for publication.

Regional policy dialogue: ICIMOD organized a regional policy dialogue titled “Aichi Target 11 and beyond: Roadmap for South Asia sub-region” on 4 November 2020, in collaboration with UNDP India and the CBD Secretariat, with financial support from the Japan Biodiversity Fund. The dialogue helped the participants share learnings and document progress against the Aichi Target 11 in the sub-region. The event was attended by 40 delegates from eight out of nine South Asian countries including government officials and CBD national focal points. Proceedings have been prepared for wider dissemination.

OECM webinar: UNDP India in collaboration with ICIMOD organized a virtual meeting, “Sharing Regional experiences on ‘Other Effective Conservation Measures’ to achieve Aichi Biodiversity Target 11” on 19 October 2020 to share regional experiences on identifying and mapping OECMs to accelerate the achievement of Aichi Target 11 in the South Asia region. We partnered with the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change and the National Biodiversity Authority, Government of India; and the CBD Secretariat for the event, with financial support from the Japan Biodiversity Fund. During the meeting, government representatives from some of the South Asian countries shared their experiences on the identification, recognition, and reporting of OECMs to the UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre World Database.

A compendium of best practices on PAs and OECM: ICIMOD aims to facilitate the documentation of best practices from the South Asia sub-region and to disseminate these for scaling-up or replication across a wider geographic area. The publication will highlight the major issues and key lessons learnt across the documented practices and make recommendations for replication and scaling-up.


CBD and CoP

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), signed by 196 parties (as of February 2021), is a global multilateral treaty for biodiversity conservation that came into effect on 5 June 1992. Also known as the Biodiversity Convention, it has three major goals – conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. With this, the CBD aims to develop national strategies for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity for development outcomes at the national and global level. CBD has two supplementary agreements – Cartagena Protocol and Nagoya Protocol.

The CBD is implemented through the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. In 2010, the world’s nations agreed and adopted the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (2011-2020) as an overarching global framework on biodiversity with a vision to value, restore and conserve biodiversity for the benefit of people by 2050. The plan has 20 ambitious yet achievable targets, known as the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, under five strategic goals.

The Conference of the Parties (CoP) is a governing body within the CBD to advance and guide implementation of actions through decisions taken during its periodic meetings, known as the CBD Conference of Parties (CoP). The next meeting, 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CoP 15), will take place from 11-24 October 2021 in Kunming, China.

Wildlife of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH)

The HKH is home to a diversity of wildlife, including the royal Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, musk deer, snow leopard, Tibetan antelope, White-rumped vulture, and many other rare and critically endangered species.

Contact person

For more information, please contact

Nakul Chettri

Regional Programme Manager

Sunita Chaudhary

Ecosystem Services Specialist