Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary

The Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary is a south-east extension of Singhalila National Park and is one of the Darjeeling's oldest sanctuaries. The Sanctuary also contains the catchment area for the water supply of the city of Darjeeling. The major vegetation type is moist temperate forest, which supports many large mammals. Many roads and public thoroughfares penetrate the Sanctuary and significantly influence the sanctity of the Sanctuary.

General Information:

Landscape: Kangchenjunga Protected Area Type: Wildlife Sanctuary
Established Year: 1976 Area: 39 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Country: India
District(s): Darjeeling
Min: 26.94018209478 Max: 27.07266750108
Min: 88.24040388906 Max: 88.35438892182
From: 1100 meter To: 2600 meter
Average rainfall (m): 270 cm
Climate: The temperature during the cold season varies from 1.7 degree C and 8.4 degree C and during the hottest period, it varies between 14.4 degree C and 18.9 degree C. Frost is very common from December till March in areas above 2000m, in high ridges, snowfall can be experienced.

Biodiversity Features:

Province: Bengalian Rainforest
Biomes: Tropical humid forests
Vegetation: Forest types include Fir-Hemlock-Oak Mixed forest, Oak forest and Broadleaved evergreen forest. Approximately 380-400 flowering plants. Various species of Rhododendron and Michelia, Oak, Pine and Birch. Hydrangea, Orchids, Daphne and Mahonia.

Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure: Around 33 villages are present in and around the PAs, these villages occur as Khasmahal areas or forest villages or tea estates
Natural Heritage:
Cultural Significance:
Livelihood strategies:

Conservation Management:

IUCN Category: IV - Habitat/Species Management Area
Area of land and/or sea subject to active intervention for management purposes so as to ensure the maintenance of habitats and/or to meet the requirements of specific species.
Management Authority: Wildlife Division I, Government of West Bengal
Park Head Quarter: Darjeeling
Conservation History: The oldest protected areas in West Bengal and is the area is important because it is the type locality for many species collected at different times by different researchers.
Conservation Challenges: Habitat degradation
Conservation Efforts:
Transboundary Features:
Base Layers
Other Layers
  • Important Bird Areas
  • Protected Area
  • Corridor
  • Ecology
  • Globe Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • HKH Boundary