Mahananda-Neora Valley

The proposed corridor between Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary and Neora Valley National Park is an important migratory route for Asiatic elephants. It is approximately 40 km long and covers three forest ranges in Kalimpong Forest Division. The corridor passes through the southern boundary of the reserve forest areas of Darjeeling. Its buffer in the north consists of the reserve forest areas of Mongpong, Lish, Churanthi of Chel Range, Ramthi, Lethi, and Fagu blocks under the Noam Ranges. The corridor and its buffer zone cover the whole of the Mal Block, parts of Sakam in Darjeeling district, and enters West Nar Block of Neora Valley National Park of Wild Life Division-II in Jalpaiguri district. It is also an importatant migratory route for Asiatic elephants.

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  • Important Bird Areas
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  • Protected Area
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  • Ecology
    • Deserts and xeric shurblands
    • Mangroves
    • Montane grasslands
    • Snow, ice, glaciers, and rock
    • Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
    • Temperate coniferous forests
    • Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    • Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests
    • Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
    • Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    • Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
    • Water
  • Globe Land Cover
    • Irrigated croplands, Irrigated shrub or tree crops, Irrigated herbaceous crops
    • Rainfed croplands, Rainfed herbaceous crops, Rainfed shrub or tree crops
    • Mosaic Croplands/Vegetation, Mosaic Croplands/Grassland-Shrubland
    • Mosaic Vegetation/Croplands, Mosaic Grassland-Shrubland/Croplands, Mosaic Forest/Croplands
    • Closed to open broadleaved evergreen or semi-deciduous forest
    • Closed broadleaved deciduous forest
    • Open broadleaved deciduous forest
    • Closed needleleaved evergreen forest
    • Open needleleaved deciduous or evergreen forest
    • Closed to open mixed broadleaved and needleleaved forest, Mosaic Forest-Shrubland/Grassland
    • Mosaic Grassland/Forest-Shrubland
    • Closed to open - shrubland, broadleaved or needleleaved evergreen shrubland, broadleaved deciduous shrubland
    • Closed to open grassland, Closed grassland, Open grassland
    • Sparse vegetation, Sparse grassland, Sparse shrubland, Sparse trees
    • Closed to open broadleaved forest regularly flooded (fresh-brackish water)
    • Closed broadleaved forest permanently flooded (saline-brackish water)
    • Closed to open - vegetation regularly flooded, woody vegetation regularly flooded, grassland regularly flooded
    • Artificial areas
    • Bare areas, Consolidated bare areas, Non-consolidated bare areas, Salt hardpans
    • Water bodies
    • Permanent snow and ice
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  • Landscape
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  • HKH Boundary
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General Information:

Landscape: Kangchenjunga Protected Area Type: Corridor
Proposed Year: 2005 Area: 292 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Country: India
District(s): Darjeeling
Latitude: 26.83917109137 ,  27.0487780839
Longitude: 88.43960312846 ,  88.76897310595
Altitude: meter   to   meter
Average rain fall: N/A
Climate:

Biodiversity Features:

Province: Himalayan Highlands
Biomes: Mixed mountain systems
Vegetation: Forest comprises of the lower hill forests or the North India Moist Deciduous forests, and the subtropical Broaf Leaved Hill Forest consisiting of degraded Riverine forest and Teak Plantation which is quite extensive at the foothills. Scattered bamboos grow under Teak, Sal and other Natural regenrations. The areas are also seem to be invaded by Eupaotrium, Mikania supressing the growth of natural vegetation.

Recorded Species:

Plants [576] Mammals [0] Birds [17]
Abies densa
Abrus pulchellus
Acacia pennata
Acacia catechu
Acacia gageana
Acer campbellii
Acer hookeri
Acer oblogum
Acer sikkimense
Acer sterculiaceum
Acer thomsonii
Aconitum spicatum
Aconitum bisma
Aconogonum molle
Acorus calamus
Acrocarpus fraxinifolius
Actinidia strigosa
Actinodaphne sikkimensis
Aeginetia indica
Aerides multiflora
Aeschynanthes acuminatum
Aeschynanthus hookeri
Aeschynanthus sikkimensis
Aeschynanthus gracilis
Agapetes serpens
Ageratina adenophora
Ageratum conyzoides
Ageratum houstonianum
Ailanthus integrifolia
Ainsliaea latifolia
Alangium alpinum
Albizia chinensis
Albizia gamblei
Albizia lebbeck
Albizia lucidior
Albizia procera
Alcimandra cathartii
Alectra arvensis
Alnus nepalensis
Alstonia nerifolia
Alstonia scholaris
Amaranthus spinosus
Amaranthus viridis
Ampelocissus sikkimensis
Anaphalis busua
Anaphalis contorta
Anaphalis margaritacea
Anaphalis triplinervis
Anisomeles indica
Anthocephalus chinensis
Antidesma acidum
Aporusa octandra
Aralia cachemirica
Ardisia macrocarpa
Ardisia solanacea
Argyreia roxburghii
Arisaema flavum
Arisaema concinnum
Arisaema tortuosum
Arisaema costatum
Aristolochia griffithii
Aristolochia platanifolia
Aristolochia saccata
Artemisia vulgaris
Artemisia indica
Artocarpus chama
Artocarpus lakoocha
Arundina graminifolia
Arundinaria maling
Astilbe rivularis
Asystasia macrocarpa
Bauhinia wallichii
Bauhinia scandens
Bauhinia vahlii
Bauhinia variegata
Beaumontia grandiflora
Begonia dioica
Begonia gemmipara
Begonia picta
Beilschmiedia roxburghiana
Berberis aristata
Berchemia floribunda
Betula alnoides
Betula utilis
Bidens pilosa
Biophytum sensitivum
Bischofia javanica
Bistorta amplexicaule
Boehmeria glomerulifera
Boehmeria macrophylla
Boehravia diffusa
Boenninghausenia albiflora
Bombax ceiba
Borreria alata
Bougainvillea glabra
Brassaiopsis mitis
Brassiaopsis hainla
Bridelia retusa
Bridelia stipularis
Bulbophyllum affine
Bulbophyllum reptans
Burmannia coelestis
Butea buteiformis
Calamus acanthospathus
Callicarpa arborea
Camellia kissi
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Cardamine impatiens
Cardamine hirsuta
Carex baccans
Carex cruciata
Carex filicina
Casearia glomerata
Casearia graveolens
Cassia sophera
Cassia tora
Cassia alata
Castanopsis hystrix
Castanopsis indica
Castanopsis lanceifolia
Castanopsis tribuloides
Catharanthus roseus
Cautleya gracilis
Cautleya spicata
Cautleya cathcartii
Cestrum aurantiacum
Cestrum elegans
Chamabainia cuspidata
Chirita macrophylla
Chirita urticifolia
Chisocheton cumingianus
Chukrasia tabularis
Cinnamomum impressinervium
Cinnamomum glanduliferum
Cinnamomum bejolghota
Cinnamomum glaucescens
Cinnamomum tamala
Cissampelos pareira
Citrus medica
Clematis buchananiana
Clematis connata
Clematis montana
Clematis napaulensis
Clematis similaciflia
Clerodendrum indicum
Clerodendrum japonicum
Clerodendrum serratum
Clerodendrum viscosum
Clinopodium umbrosum
Coccinia grandis
Codonopsis viridis
Colocasia affinis
Combretum roxburghii
Commelina benghalensis
Commelina paludosa
Commelina suffruticosa
Corchorus aestuans
Costus speciosus
Cotoneaster microphyllus
Crawfurdia speciosa
Crotalaria humifusa
Crotalaria pallida
Crotalaria albida
Crotolaria ferrugineanum
Croton cadautus
Cryptocaria amygdalina
Cryptochilus lutea
Cryptochilus sanguineus
Cryptomeria japonica
Curculigo orchioides
Curcuma aromatica
Cyanotis vaga
Cymbidium aloifolium
Cynodon dactylon
Cyperus compressus
Dalbergia sissoo
Dalbergia stipulacea
Daphne bholua
Daphne sureil
Daphniphyllum himalense
Debregeasia longifolia
Dendrobium candidum
Dendrocalamus halmitonii
Dendrocnide sinuata
Desmodium triflorum
Dicentra scandens
Dicentra paucinervia
Dichroa febrifuga
Dicliptera roxburghiana
Didymocarpus albicalyx
Didymocarpus podocarpus
Digitaria ciliaris
Dillenia indica
Dillenia pentagyna
Dioscorea alata
Dioscorea bulbifera
Dobinea vulgaris
Dodecadenia grandiflora
Drosera burmannii
Drymaria cordata
Drymaria villosa
Drypetes assamica
Duabanga grandiflora
Duchesnea indica
Duhaldea cappa
Dumasia villosa
Edgaria darjeelingensis
Edgeworthia gardneri
Ehretia serrata
Elaeocarpus lanceifolius
Elatostema sikkimense
Elatostema hookerianum
Elatostema sessile
Eleusine indica
Elsholtzia blanda
Elsholtzia fruticosa
Engelhardtia spicata
Entada rheedii
Eragrostis nigra
Eranthemum pulchellum
Eria dasyphylla
Eriobotrya petiolata
Erythrina arborescens
Erythrina stricta
Eugenia formosa
Eupatorium odoratum
Euphorbia hirta
Eurya acuminata
Eurya cerasifolia
Exbucklandia populnea
Fallopia convolvulus
Ficus virens
Ficus drupacea
Ficus religiosa
Ficus semicordata
Ficus subincisa
Flueggea virosa
Fragaria rubiginosa
Fumaria indica
Galinsoga parviflora
Garuga pinnata
Gaultheria nummularia
Gentiana capitata
Gentiana pedicellata
Gentiana bryoides
Girardinia diversifolia
Globba hookeri
Globba racemosa
Gmelina arborea
Gouania leptostachya
Grangea maderaspatana
Grewia sapida
Gynocardia odorata
Gynura cusimbua
Hedychium coccineum
Hedychium spicatum
Hedyotis scandens
Helwingia himalaica
Hemiphragma heterophyllum
Heracleum wallichii
Herpetospermun pedunculosum
Himalayacalamus hookerianus
Holarrhena pubescens
Holboellia latifolia
Holmskioldia sanguinea
Horsfieldia kingii
Hoya parasitica
Hoya edeni
Hoya longifolia
Hoya serpens
Hydrangea robusta
Hydrangea aspera
Hydrocotyle himalaica
Hydrocotyle nepalensis
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides
Hygrophila spinosa
Hygrophila polysperma
Hymenodictyon orixense
Hypericum japonicum
Hypericum uralum
Hypoestes triflora
Hyptianthera stricta
Ichnocarpus frutescens
Ilex dipyrena
Ilex fragilis
Ilex insignis
Ilex sikkimensis
Impatiens discolor
Impatiens kingii
Impatiens pulchra
Impatiens radiata
Impatiens stenantha
Impatiens longipes
Imperata cylindrica
Ipomoea carnea
Ipomoea purpurea
Ipomoea quamoclit
Isachne albens
Ixora undulata
Jasminum dispermum
Juglans regia
Juniperus indica
Justicia procumbens
Knema tenuineriyia
Kydia calcycina
Kydia jujubifolia
Lagerstroemia parviflora
Lagerstroemia hirsuta
Lantana camara
Larix griffithiana
Lasiococca symphylliifolia
Leea compatiflora
Leea guinensis
Leea indica
Leucas indica
Leucas mollissima
Leucosceptrum canum
Leycesteria formosa
Lindera latifolia
Lindera assamica
Liparis resupinnata
Liparis viridiflora
Lithocarpus elegans
Lithocarpus pachyphylla
Lithocarpus fenestratus
Litsea cubeba
Litsea elongata
Litsea monopetala
Litsea sericea
Lonicera glabrata
Lonicera macrantha
Luculia gratissima
Macaranga pustulata
Macaranga indica
Macropanax dispermus
Maesa chisia
Maesa indica
Maesa rugosa
Magnolia campbellii
Mahonia napaulensis
Mallotus roxburghianus
Mallotus nepalensis
Mallotus philippensis
Malva parviflora
Malva verticillata
Marsdenia tinctoria
Mazus surculosus
Meconopsis napaulensis
Meconopsis paniculata
Melastoma malabathricum
Melastoma normale
Melilotus indica
Mesua floribunda
Mesua ferrea
Michelia champaca
Michelia doltsopa
Microstegium ciliatum
Mikania micrantha
Millettia pachycarpa
Mimosa pudica
Mimosa himalayana
Mimulus nepalensis
Monotropa uniflora
Morinda anguistifolia
Morinda citrifolia
Mucuna macrocarpa
Mucuna pruriens
Mucurna monosperma
Murdannia nudiflora
Musa balbisiana
Mussaenda roxburghii
Naravelia zeylanica
Neanotis gracilis
Neillia rubiflora
Neillia thyrsiflora
Nervilia macroglossa
Neyraudia arundinacea
Notochaete hamosa
Nyssa javanica
Oberonia mucronata
Ophiopogon intermedius
Ophiorhiza succirubra
Ophiorhiza treutleri
Ophiorhiza nutans
Oplismenus burmannii
Oplismenus compositus
Oroxylum indicum
Osbeckia nepalensis
Osbeckia stellata
Oxalis corniculata
Oxalis latifolia
Oxalis corymbosa
Oxyspora paniculata
Pandanus furcatus
Paris polyphylla
Parochetus communis
Parthenocissus semicordata
Paspalum scrobiculatum
Peliosanthes macrophylla
Pentapanax racemosus
Peperomia heyneana
Peperomia pellucida
Peperomia tetraphylla
Pericampylus glaucus
Persea odoratissima
Persea clarkeana
Persea gamblei
Persea fructifera
Persicaria capitata
Persicaria runcinata
Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus
Phoebe lanceolata
Phoebe hainesiana
Phoenix acaulis
Phyllanthus emblica
Phyllanthus urinaria
Pilea glaberrima
Pilea symmeria
Pilea ternifolia
Pinus roxburghii
Pinus wallichiana
Piper longum
Piper mullesua
Plantago erosa
Platanthera clavigera
Plectocomia himalayana
Pogostemon amarantoides
Polygala arillata
Porana grandiflora
Porana paniculata
Portulacca oleracea
Potentilla fruticosa
Potentilla fulgens
Potentilla polyphylla
Pothos cathcartii
Pouzolzia sanguinea
Pouzolzia zeylanica
Pouzolzia hirta
Premna bracteata
Premna scandens
Primula denticulata
Primula listeri
Prunella vulgaris
Prunus cerasoides
Prunus undulata
Pseudognaphalium affine
Pterospermum acerifolium
Pueraria phaseoloides
Pyrola sikkimensis
Pyrularia edulis
Quercus glauca
Quercus lamellosa
Quercus thomsoniana
Ranunculus diffusus
Reissantia arborea
Rhododendron falconeri
Rhododendron grande
Rhododendron hodgsonii
Rhododendron arboreum
Rhus succedanea
Ricinus communis
Rorippa indica
Rubia manjith
Rubus acuminatus
Rubus calycinus
Rubus lineatus
Rubus paniculatus
Rubus splendidissimus
Rumex nepalensis
Saccharum arundinaceum
Saccharum spontaneum
Saccharum longesetosus
Salix salwinensis
Salix tetrasperma
Sambucus canadensis
Sapindus mukorossi
Sapium eugeniifolium
Satyrium nepalense
Saurauia napaulensis
Saurauja roxburghii
Sauropus quadrangularis
Schefflera elata
Schima wallichii
Schisandra grandiflora
Schisandra neglecta
Schisandra propinqua
Scrophularia urticifolia
Selinum tenuifolium
Semecarpus anacardium
Senecio scandens
Setaria glauca
Setaria palmifolia
Shorea robusta
Shuteria hirsuta
Sida acuta
Smilax ferox
Smilax zeylanica
Solanum myriacanthum
Solanum erianthum
Solanum nigrum
Solanum torvum
Spatholobus parviflorus
Spiranthes sinensis
Stellaria sikkimensis
Stellaria media
Stellaria vestita
Stephania hernandifolia
Stercula villosa
Stereospermum chelonodes
Stereospermum colais
Streptolirion volubile
Strobilanthes capitata
Strobilanthes wallichii
Strobilanthes thomsonii
Swertia dilatata
Symplocos cochinchinensis
Symplocos ramosissima
Syzygium cumini
Syzygium operculatum
Tabernaemontana divaricata
Talauma hodgsonii
Taxus baccata
Terminalia arjuna
Terminalia alata
Terminalia bellirica
Terminalia chebula
Terminalia myriocarpa
Tetracera sarmentosa
Tetrameles nudiflora
Tetrastigma bracteolatum
Tetrastigma serrulatum
Tetrastigma planicaule
Thamnocalamus aristatus
Thamnocalamus spathiflora
Thunbergia coccinea
Thunbergia fragrance
Thunbergia lutea
Thysanolaena maxima
Tinospora sinensis
Toona ciliata
Toona sureni
Torenia violacea
Trachycarpus martianus
Trewia nudiflora
Trichosanthes tricuspidata
Trichosanthes wallichiana
Tridax procumbens
Trifolium repens
Tsuga dumosa
Turpina pomifera
Urena lobata
Urtica parviflora
Urtica dioica
Vaccinium retusum
Vaccinium vacciniaceum
Valeriana hardwickii
Vallaris solanacea
Vanda teres
Vandopsis undulata
Ventilago denticulata
Veronica javanica
Vetivera zizanoides
Viburnum erubescens
Viola diffusa
Viola hookeri
Viola pilosa
Vitex negundo
Wallichia disticha
Wallichia densiflora
Wendlandia coriacea
Wendlandia wallichii
Wrightia arborea
Yushania maling
Zanthoxylum acanthopodium
Zanthoxylum armatum


Threatened Species:

Plant Mammals Birds


Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:

Natural Heritage:

Cultural Significance:

Livelihood strategies: livelihoods based on organic farming, floriculture, agroforestry, animal husbandry and mixed framing sytems

Conservation Management:

Conservation History:

Conservation Challenges: Unplanned toursim, Presence of tea gardens and other development infrastructure along the Elephant migeratory routs, Human-Wildlife conflict

Conservation Efforts:

Transboundary Features:

Corridor development possibilities: All along the corridor areas, there exists prospects for afforestration and agroforestry programmes .