Senchal-Mahananda

The proposed corridor between the Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary and Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary is about 26 km long. It is bounded in the east by the forest of Kalimpong Division along the Teesta River. A very good patch of forest belonging to a number of villagers of Turuk Khasmahal busty (busty= small village) already exist connecting Mahaldiram forest with the Turuk extension in the corridor. The corridor is prone to landslides with settlements and forest villages in close proximity.

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  • Important Bird Areas
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  • Protected Area
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  • Corridor
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  • Ecology
    • Deserts and xeric shurblands
    • Mangroves
    • Montane grasslands
    • Snow, ice, glaciers, and rock
    • Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
    • Temperate coniferous forests
    • Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    • Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests
    • Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
    • Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    • Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
    • Water
  • Globe Land Cover
    • Irrigated croplands, Irrigated shrub or tree crops, Irrigated herbaceous crops
    • Rainfed croplands, Rainfed herbaceous crops, Rainfed shrub or tree crops
    • Mosaic Croplands/Vegetation, Mosaic Croplands/Grassland-Shrubland
    • Mosaic Vegetation/Croplands, Mosaic Grassland-Shrubland/Croplands, Mosaic Forest/Croplands
    • Closed to open broadleaved evergreen or semi-deciduous forest
    • Closed broadleaved deciduous forest
    • Open broadleaved deciduous forest
    • Closed needleleaved evergreen forest
    • Open needleleaved deciduous or evergreen forest
    • Closed to open mixed broadleaved and needleleaved forest, Mosaic Forest-Shrubland/Grassland
    • Mosaic Grassland/Forest-Shrubland
    • Closed to open - shrubland, broadleaved or needleleaved evergreen shrubland, broadleaved deciduous shrubland
    • Closed to open grassland, Closed grassland, Open grassland
    • Sparse vegetation, Sparse grassland, Sparse shrubland, Sparse trees
    • Closed to open broadleaved forest regularly flooded (fresh-brackish water)
    • Closed broadleaved forest permanently flooded (saline-brackish water)
    • Closed to open - vegetation regularly flooded, woody vegetation regularly flooded, grassland regularly flooded
    • Artificial areas
    • Bare areas, Consolidated bare areas, Non-consolidated bare areas, Salt hardpans
    • Water bodies
    • Permanent snow and ice
    • No data
  • Landscape
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  • HKH Boundary
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General Information:

Landscape: Kangchenjunga Protected Area Type: Corridor
Proposed Year: 2004 Area: 46 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Country: India
District(s): Darjeeling
Latitude: 26.90426236351 ,  88.42543284395
Longitude: 26.96439851405 ,  88.30914732821
Altitude: meter   to   meter
Average rain fall: N/A
Climate:

Biodiversity Features:

Province: Himalayan Highlands
Biomes: Tropical humid forests - Mixed mountain systems
Vegetation: "Forests comprises of riverine forest varying in composition from evergreen in the upper hills to the dry deciduousin the lower hills. Temperate mixed forest is dominated by Schima wallichii and Shorea robusta, oaks and maples and there are also small patches of monoculture forests of Cryptomeria • Monocultures (e.g. Cryptomeria)"

Recorded Species:

Plants [498] Mammals [0] Birds [29]
Abrus pulchellus
Acacia pennata
Acacia gageana
Acer campbellii
Acer hookeri
Acer thomsonii
Aconogonum molle
Acorus calamus
Acrocarpus fraxinifolius
Actinidia strigosa
Actinodaphne sikkimensis
Aeginetia indica
Aerides multiflora
Aeschynanthes acuminatum
Aeschynanthus hookeri
Aeschynanthus sikkimensis
Agapetes serpens
Ageratina adenophora
Ageratum conyzoides
Ageratum houstonianum
Ainsliaea latifolia
Ajuga macrosperma
Alangium alpinum
Albizia chinensis
Albizia gamblei
Albizia lebbeck
Albizia lucidior
Albizia procera
Alcimandra cathartii
Alectra arvensis
Alnus nepalensis
Alstonia nerifolia
Alstonia scholaris
Amaranthus spinosus
Amaranthus viridis
Ampelocissus sikkimensis
Anaphalis busua
Anaphalis contorta
Anaphalis margaritacea
Anaphalis triplinervis
Anisomeles indica
Antidesma acidum
Aporusa octandra
Ardisia macrocarpa
Ardisia solanacea
Argyreia roxburghii
Arisaema costatum
Arisaema concinnum
Arisaema speciosum
Arisaema tortuosum
Aristolochia platanifolia
Aristolochia saccata
Artocarpus lakoocha
Artocarpus chama
Arundina graminifolia
Arundinaria maling
Astilbe rivularis
Asystasia macrocarpa
Bauhinia scandens
Bauhinia vahlii
Bauhinia variegata
Bauhinia wallichii
Beaumontia grandiflora
Begonia cathcartii
Begonia dioica
Begonia gemmipara
Begonia picta
Begonia sikkimensis
Beilschmiedia roxburghiana
Berberis insignis
Betula alnoides
Bidens pilosa
Biophytum sensitivum
Bischofia javanica
Boehmeria macrophylla
Boehravia diffusa
Boenninghausenia albiflora
Bombax ceiba
Borreria alata
Bougainvillea glabra
Brassaiopsis mitis
Brassiaopsis hainla
Bridelia retusa
Bulbophyllum affine
Bulbophyllum reptans
Burmannia coelestis
Butea buteiformis
Calamus acanthospathus
Callicarpa arborea
Camellia kissi
Capillipedium assimile
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Cardamine hirsuta
Carex baccans
Carex cruciata
Carex filicina
Carex stramentitia
Casearia glomerata
Casearia graveolens
Cassia sophera
Cassia tora
Cassia alata
Castanopsis hystrix
Castanopsis indica
Castanopsis tribuloides
Cautleya cathcartii
Cautleya gracilis
Cautleya spicata
Cestrum aurantiacum
Cestrum elegans
Chamabainia cuspidata
Chirita macrophylla
Chirita urticifolia
Chisocheton cumingianus
Chukrasia tabularis
Cinnamomum impressinervium
Cinnamomum bejolghota
Cinnamomum tamala
Cissampelos pareira
Citrus medica
Clematis buchananiana
Clematis napaulensis
Clematis similaciflia
Clerodendrum indicum
Clerodendrum japonicum
Clerodendrum serratum
Clerodendrum viscosum
Clinopodium umbrosum
Coccinia grandis
Codonopsis viridis
Colocasia affinis
Combretum roxburghii
Commelina benghalensis
Commelina paludosa
Commelina suffruticosa
Corchorus aestuans
Costus speciosus
Crawfurdia speciosa
Crotalaria albida
Crotalaria humifusa
Crotalaria pallida
Crotolaria ferrugineanum
Croton cadautus
Cryptocaria amygdalina
Cryptomeria japonica
Curculigo orchioides
Curcuma aromatica
Cyanotis vaga
Cyanthillium cinereum
Cymbidium aloifolium
Cynodon dactylon
Cyperus compressus
Dalbergia sissoo
Dalbergia stipulacea
Daphne bholua
Debregeasia longifolia
Dendrobium aphyllum
Dendrobium candidum
Dendrocnide sinuata
Desmodium triflorum
Dicentra scandens
Dicentra paucinervia
Dichroa febrifuga
Dicliptera roxburghiana
Didymocarpus albicalyx
Didymocarpus podocarpus
Digitaria ciliaris
Dillenia indica
Dillenia pentagyna
Dobinea vulgaris
Dodecadenia grandiflora
Drosera burmannii
Drymaria cordata
Drymaria villosa
Drypetes assamica
Duabanga grandiflora
Duchesnea indica
Duhaldea cappa
Dumasia villosa
Edgaria darjeelingensis
Edgeworthia gardneri
Ehretia serrata
Elatostema sikkimense
Elatostema hookerianum
Elatostema sessile
Elsholtzia blanda
Engelhardtia spicata
Entada rheedii
Eragrostis nigra
Eranthemum pulchellum
Eria dasyphylla
Eriobotrya dubia
Eriobotrya petiolata
Erythrina arborescens
Erythrina stricta
Eulophia zonllingeri
Eupatorium odoratum
Euphorbia hirta
Eurya acuminata
Eurya cerasifolia
Exbucklandia populnea
Fallopia convolvulus
Ficus drupacea
Ficus semicordata
Ficus subincisa
Ficus virens
Flueggea virosa
Fragaria rubiginosa
Fumaria indica
Galinsoga parviflora
Garuga pinnata
Gaultheria nummularia
Girardinia diversifolia
Globba hookeri
Globba racemosa
Gmelina arborea
Gouania leptostachya
Grangea maderaspatana
Grewia sapida
Gynocardia odorata
Gynura cusimbua
Hedychium coccineum
Hedychium spicatum
Hedyotis scandens
Helwingia himalaica
Hemiphragma heterophyllum
Heracleum wallichii
Holarrhena pubescens
Holboellia latifolia
Holmskioldia sanguinea
Horsfieldia kingii
Hoya parasitica
Hoya edeni
Hoya longifolia
Hydrangea robusta
Hydrangea aspera
Hydrocotyle himalaica
Hydrocotyle nepalensis
Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides
Hygrophila spinosa
Hygrophila polysperma
Hymenodictyon orixense
Hypericum japonicum
Hypericum petiolulatum
Hypericum uralum
Hypoestes triflora
Hypoxis aurea
Hyptianthera stricta
Ichnocarpus frutescens
Ilex insignis
Impatiens discolor
Impatiens kingii
Impatiens pulchra
Impatiens radiata
Impatiens stenantha
Impatiens longipes
Imperata cylindrica
Ipomoea carnea
Ipomoea purpurea
Ipomoea quamoclit
Isachne albens
Jasminum dispermum
Juglans regia
Juniperus indica
Justicia procumbens
Knema tenuineriyia
Kydia calcycina
Kydia jujubifolia
Lagerstroemia parviflora
Lagerstroemia hirsuta
Lantana camara
Lasiococca symphylliifolia
Leea compatiflora
Leea guinensis
Leucas indica
Leucas mollissima
Leycesteria formosa
Lindera latifolia
Lindera assamica
Liparis resupinnata
Liparis viridiflora
Lithocarpus elegans
Lithocarpus pachyphylla
Lithocarpus fenestratus
Litsea cubeba
Litsea elongata
Litsea monopetala
Litsea sericea
Lonicera glabrata
Luculia gratissima
Macaranga pustulata
Maesa indica
Maesa chisia
Maesa macrophylla
Magnolia campbellii
Mahonia napaulensis
Mallotus roxburghianus
Mallotus nepalensis
Mallotus philippensis
Malva parviflora
Malva verticillata
Mazus surculosus
Melastoma malabathricum
Melastoma normale
Melilotus indica
Meliosma simplicifolia
Mesua ferrea
Mesua floribunda
Michelia champaca
Michelia doltsopa
Microstegium ciliatum
Mikania micrantha
Mimosa pudica
Mimosa himalayana
Mimulus nepalensis
Monotropa uniflora
Morinda anguistifolia
Mucuna macrocarpa
Mucuna pruriens
Murdannia nudiflora
Musa balbisiana
Mussaenda roxburghii
Naravelia zeylanica
Neanotis gracilis
Neillia thyrsiflora
Nervilia macroglossa
Notochaete hamosa
Oberonia mucronata
Ophiopogon intermedius
Ophiorhiza succirubra
Ophiorhiza treutleri
Ophiorhiza lurida
Ophiorhiza nutans
Oplismenus burmannii
Oplismenus compositus
Oroxylum indicum
Oryza minuta
Osbeckia nepalensis
Osbeckia stellata
Oxalis corniculata
Oxalis latifolia
Oxalis corymbosa
Oxyspora paniculata
Pandanus furcatus
Paris polyphylla
Parochetus communis
Parthenocissus semicordata
Paspalum scrobiculatum
Peliosanthes macrophylla
Pentapanax racemosus
Pericampylus glaucus
Peristylus constrictus
Persea fructifera
Persea odoratissima
Persicaria capitata
Persicaria chinensis
Persicaria runcinata
Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus
Phoenix acaulis
Phyllanthus emblica
Phyllanthus urinaria
Pilea glaberrima
Pilea symmeria
Pinus roxburghii
Pinus wallichiana
Piper longum
Piper mullesua
Pittosporum napaulense
Plantago erosa
Platanthera clavigera
Plectocomia himalayana
Pogostemon amarantoides
Polygala arillata
Porana grandiflora
Porana paniculata
Porana racemosa
Portulacca oleracea
Potentilla fruticosa
Potentilla fulgens
Potentilla polyphylla
Pothos cathcartii
Pouzolzia sanguinea
Pouzolzia zeylanica
Pouzolzia hirta
Premna bracteata
Primula denticulata
Prunella vulgaris
Prunus cerasoides
Pseudognaphalium affine
Psychotria calocarpa
Pterospermum acerifolium
Pueraria phaseoloides
Pyrularia edulis
Quercus glauca
Quercus lamellosa
Quercus thomsoniana
Ranunculus diffusus
Remusatia vivipara
Rhododendron arboreum
Rhododendron dalhousiae
Rhododendron grande
Rhus succedanea
Ricinus communis
Rorippa indica
Rubia sikkimensis
Rubia manjith
Rubus calycinus
Rubus ellipticus
Rubus lineatus
Rubus paniculatus
Rubus rugosus
Rubus senchalensis
Saccharum arundinaceum
Saccharum longesetosus
Salix tetrasperma
Sambucus canadensis
Sapium eugeniifolium
Satyrium nepalense
Saurauia napaulensis
Saurauja roxburghii
Sauropus quadrangularis
Schefflera elata
Schima wallichii
Schisandra propinqua
Semecarpus anacardium
Senecio scandens
Setaria glauca
Setaria palmifolia
Shorea robusta
Shuteria hirsuta
Sida acuta
Smilax ferox
Smilax zeylanica
Solanum erianthum
Solanum nigrum
Solanum torvum
Solanum myriacanthum
Spiranthes sinensis
Stellaria sikkimensis
Stellaria media
Stellaria vestita
Stephania hernandifolia
Stercula villosa
Stereospermum chelonodes
Streptolirion volubile
Strobilanthes capitata
Strobilanthes thomsonii
Swertia dilatata
Swertia chirayita
Symplocos cochinchinensis
Symplocos ramosissima
Syzygium operculatum
Talauma hodgsonii
Terminalia alata
Terminalia bellirica
Terminalia chebula
Terminalia myriocarpa
Tetracera sarmentosa
Tetrameles nudiflora
Tetrastigma bracteolatum
Tetrastigma planicaule
Thamnocalamus aristatus
Thamnocalamus spathiflora
Thunbergia coccinea
Thunbergia fragrance
Thunbergia lutea
Thysanolaena maxima
Toona ciliata
Torenia violacea
Trachycarpus martianus
Trewia nudiflora
Trichosanthes tricuspidata
Tridax procumbens
Trifolium repens
Tsuga dumosa
Turpina pomifera
Uncaria sessilifructus
Urtica parviflora
Urtica dioica
Vaccinium vacciniaceum
Vaccinium retusum
Valeriana hardwickii
Vallaris solanacea
Vanda teres
Vandopsis undulata
Ventilago denticulata
Veronica javanica
Viola diffusa
Viola pilosa
Vitex negundo
Wallichia disticha
Wallichia densiflora
Wendlandia coriacea
Wendlandia wallichii
Wrightia arborea
Yushania maling
Zanthoxylum acanthopodium
Zanthoxylum armatum


Threatened Species:

Plant Mammals Birds


Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:

Natural Heritage:

Cultural Significance:

Livelihood strategies: Microenterprise development with focus on medicinal plants, bamboo, broom garass; Ecotourism

Conservation Management:

Conservation History:

Conservation Challenges: Expanding forest villages and cultivation of cardamom and Amlisho inside forest areas, Intensive monoculture of Amlisho. Over exploitation of fuelwood from the reserved forests surrounding the plantations. Wildlife depradation in village farmlands in the core areas of the corridor.

Conservation Efforts:

Transboundary Features:

Corridor development possibilities: A good patch of forest belonging to number of villagers of Turuk Khasmal busty exists that can connects Mahaldiram forest with Turuk extension. A part of the tea state land can also be included in the forest by way of exchange or supporting the garden to manage the forest themselves. The villagers are willing to maintain the forest cover in their land and are willing to form conservation committee. Infrastructure development with focus on restoration of landslide prone areas and sinking zones, management of jhoras, watershed management can help development of corridors