Singhalila-Senchal

The proposed corridor connecting Singhalila National Park and Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary is a 51.5 km long stretch of land starting from the Phalut Forest Block between Sikkim and West Bengal and passing through the compact forests of Wildlife Division I and Darjeeling Forest Division up to the Ghoom Bhanjang Forest Block of the Darjeeling Forest Division. It extends to the Dhooterial Block of Senchal Range of Wildlife Division I. The northern slopes are drained by the Ramam River, the Great Rangit River, and the Little Rangit River; all of which are tributaries of the Teesta River. The tract is intersected by numerous rapid hill torrents forming deep valleys with steep and often precipitous sides.

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  • Important Bird Areas
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  • Protected Area
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  • Corridor
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  • Ecology
    • Deserts and xeric shurblands
    • Mangroves
    • Montane grasslands
    • Snow, ice, glaciers, and rock
    • Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
    • Temperate coniferous forests
    • Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    • Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests
    • Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
    • Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    • Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
    • Water
  • Globe Land Cover
    • Irrigated croplands, Irrigated shrub or tree crops, Irrigated herbaceous crops
    • Rainfed croplands, Rainfed herbaceous crops, Rainfed shrub or tree crops
    • Mosaic Croplands/Vegetation, Mosaic Croplands/Grassland-Shrubland
    • Mosaic Vegetation/Croplands, Mosaic Grassland-Shrubland/Croplands, Mosaic Forest/Croplands
    • Closed to open broadleaved evergreen or semi-deciduous forest
    • Closed broadleaved deciduous forest
    • Open broadleaved deciduous forest
    • Closed needleleaved evergreen forest
    • Open needleleaved deciduous or evergreen forest
    • Closed to open mixed broadleaved and needleleaved forest, Mosaic Forest-Shrubland/Grassland
    • Mosaic Grassland/Forest-Shrubland
    • Closed to open - shrubland, broadleaved or needleleaved evergreen shrubland, broadleaved deciduous shrubland
    • Closed to open grassland, Closed grassland, Open grassland
    • Sparse vegetation, Sparse grassland, Sparse shrubland, Sparse trees
    • Closed to open broadleaved forest regularly flooded (fresh-brackish water)
    • Closed broadleaved forest permanently flooded (saline-brackish water)
    • Closed to open - vegetation regularly flooded, woody vegetation regularly flooded, grassland regularly flooded
    • Artificial areas
    • Bare areas, Consolidated bare areas, Non-consolidated bare areas, Salt hardpans
    • Water bodies
    • Permanent snow and ice
    • No data
  • Landscape
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  • HKH Boundary
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General Information:

Landscape: Kangchenjunga Protected Area Type: Corridor
Proposed Year: 2003 Area: 158 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Country: India
District(s): Darjeeling
Latitude: 26.96530433472 ,  27.11471289627
Longitude: 88.03085367104 ,  88.25643921207
Altitude: meter   to   meter
Average rain fall: N/A
Climate:

Biodiversity Features:

Province: Himalayan Highlands
Biomes: Mixed mountain systems-Tropical humid forests
Vegetation: Forest comprises of mixed temperate forest, mixed oak forest, and monoculture of pine forest

Recorded Species:

Plants [332] Mammals [0] Birds [45]
Abies densa
Acer campbellii
Acer caudatum
Acer hookeri
Acer pectinatum
Acer sterculiaceum
Aconitum heterophyllum
Aconitum spicatum
Aconitum bisma
Aconogonum campanulatum
Aconogonum molle
Actinidia strigosa
Aeginetia indica
Aeschynanthus gracilis
Agapetes serpens
Ageratina adenophora
Ageratum conyzoides
Ainsliaea latifolia
Ajuga macrosperma
Alectra arvensis
Alnus nepalensis
Ampelocissus sikkimensis
Anaphalis busua
Anaphalis contorta
Anaphalis margaritacea
Anaphalis triplinervis
Anemone obtusiloba
Aralia cachemirica
Arisaema concinnum
Arisaema griffithii
Arisaema speciosum
Arisaema tortuosum
Arisaema costatum
Aristolochia griffithii
Artemisia vulgaris
Artemisia indica
Arundinaria maling
Astilbe rivularis
Asystasia macrocarpa
Begonia gemmipara
Berberis aristata
Berberis insignis
Berberis umbellata
Betula alnoides
Betula utilis
Bidens pilosa
Biophytum sensitivum
Bistorta amplexicaule
Boehmeria glomerulifera
Boenninghausenia albiflora
Brassiaopsis hainla
Calamus acanthospathus
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Cardamine hirsuta
Cardamine impatiens
Carex baccans
Carex cruciata
Carex filicina
Castanopsis hystrix
Castanopsis tribuloides
Cautleya cathcartii
Cautleya gracilis
Cautleya spicata
Cestrum aurantiacum
Cestrum elegans
Chamabainia cuspidata
Chirita macrophylla
Cinnamomum bejolghota
Cinnamomum glaucescens
Clematis similaciflia
Clematis buchananiana
Clematis connata
Clematis montana
Clinopodium umbrosum
Codonopsis affinis
Codonopsis viridis
Colocasia affinis
Commelina paludosa
Corydalis meifolia
Cotoneaster microphyllus
Cotoneaster frigidus
Crawfurdia speciosa
Cremanthodium nepalense
Cryptocaria amygdalina
Cryptomeria japonica
Cyanotis vaga
Cynodon dactylon
Dactylorhiza hatagirea
Daphne bholua
Daphniphyllum himalense
Dendrobium candidum
Dendrocalamus halmitonii
Dicentra scandens
Dichroa febrifuga
Didymocarpus podocarpus
Digitaria ciliaris
Dobinea vulgaris
Docynia indica
Drymaria cordata
Drymaria villosa
Duchesnea indica
Duhaldea cappa
Dumasia villosa
Edgaria darjeelingensis
Elaeocarpus lanceifolius
Elatostema hookerianum
Elatostema sessile
Eleusine indica
Elsholtzia blanda
Elsholtzia fruticosa
Engelhardtia spicata
Entada phaseoloides
Eriobotrya petiolata
Erythrina arborescens
Erythrina stricta
Eurya acuminata
Eurya cerasifolia
Exbucklandia populnea
Fallopia convolvulus
Ficus neriifolia
Ficus religiosa
Floscopa scandens
Fragaria nubicola
Fragaria rubiginosa
Fumaria indica
Galinsoga parviflora
Gamblea ciliata
Gaultheria fragrantissima
Gaultheria hookeri
Gentiana capitata
Gentiana pedicellata
Gentiana bryoides
Girardinia diversifolia
Globba hookeri
Gynura cusimbua
Hedychium spicatum
Hedyotis scandens
Helinia elliptica
Helwingia himalaica
Hemiphragma heterophyllum
Heracleum wallichii
Herpetospermun pedunculosum
Himalayacalamus hookerianus
Holboellia latifolia
Hoya longifolia
Hydrangea robusta
Hydrocotyle himalaica
Hydrocotyle nepalensis
Hypericum uralum
Hypoestes triflora
Ilex dipyrena
Ilex fragilis
Ilex insignis
Ilex sikkimensis
Impatiens discolor
Impatiens kingii
Impatiens pulchra
Impatiens radiata
Impatiens stenantha
Impatiens longipes
Imperata cylindrica
Isachne albens
Jasminum dispermum
Larix griffithiana
Leucosceptrum canum
Leycesteria formosa
Liparis resupinnata
Lithocarpus elegans
Lithocarpus pachyphylla
Litsea cubeba
Litsea elongata
Lobelia seguinii
Lonicera glabrata
Lonicera macrantha
Luculia gratissima
Macropanax undulatus
Maesa chisia
Magnolia campbellii
Magonolia grandiflora
Mahonia napaulensis
Mahonia acanthifolia
Mallotus nepalensis
Mazus surculosus
Meconopsis napaulensis
Meconopsis paniculata
Merrilliopanax alpinus
Michelia doltsopa
Mimulus nepalensis
Musa balbisiana
Neanotis gracilis
Neillia rubiflora
Neillia thyrsiflora
Neyraudia arundinacea
Notochaete hamosa
Ophiopogon intermedius
Ophiorhiza succirubra
Ophiorhiza treutleri
Ophiorhiza nutans
Oplismenus burmannii
Oplismenus compositus
Osbeckia stellata
Oxalis acetosella
Oxalis corniculata
Oxyspora paniculata
Paris polyphylla
Parochetus communis
Pentapanax racemosus
Peperomia heyneana
Peperomia pellucida
Peperomia tetraphylla
Persea odoratissima
Persea glaucescens
Persea fructifera
Persicaria capitata
Persicaria runcinata
Phoebe attenuata
Phoebe lanceolata
Pieris formosa
Pilea symmeria
Pilea ternifolia
Pinus roxburghii
Pinus wallichiana
Piper mullesua
Plantago erosa
Platanthera clavigera
Polygala arillata
Porana grandiflora
Potentilla fruticosa
Potentilla fulgens
Potentilla polyphylla
Pouzolzia hirta
Primula capitata
Primula denticulata
Primula listeri
Primula scapigera
Prunella vulgaris
Prunus cerasoides
Pseudognaphalium affine
Quercus lineata
Quercus glauca
Quercus lamellosa
Ranunculus laetus
Ranunculus diffusus
Rhododendron arboreum
Rhododendron barbatum
Rhododendron campanulatum
Rhododendron cinnabarinum
Rhododendron dalhousiae
Rhododendron falconeri
Rhododendron grande
Rhododendron hodgsonii
Rhododendron lindleyi
Rhus succedanea
Rhus wallichii
Ricinus communis
Rorippa indica
Rorippa nasturtium-aquat
Rosa sericea
Rubia manjith
Rubia wallichiana
Rubus senchalensis
Rubus calycinus
Rubus ellipticus
Rubus lineatus
Rubus paniculatus
Rubus rugosus
Rubus splendidissimus
Rumex nepalensis
Saccharum spontaneum
Saccharum longesetosus
Sambucus canadensis
Sambucus javanica
Satyrium nepalense
Saurauia napaulensis
Schefflera impressa
Schima wallichii
Schisandra grandiflora
Schisandra neglecta
Schisandra propinqua
Sechium edule
Sedum multicaule
Selinum tenuifolium
Senecio diversifolius
Senecio chrysanthemoides
Senecio scandens
Setaria palmifolia
Smilax ferox
Smilax minutiflora
Smilax rigida
Solanum nigrum
Sorbus cuspidata
Sorbus microphylla
Spiraea micrantha
Spiranthes sinensis
Stellaria sikkimensis
Stellaria lanata
Stellaria media
Streptolirion volubile
Swertia chirayita
Swertia angustifolia
Symplocos pyrifolia
Symplocos ramosissima
Symplocos lucida
Taxus baccata
Tetradium fraxinifolium
Tetrastigma bracteolatum
Thamnocalamus spathiflora
Thunbergia coccinea
Thysanolaena maxima
Torenia violacea
Trichosanthes tricuspidata
Trichosanthes wallichiana
Trifolium repens
Tsuga dumosa
Turpina pomifera
Urtica parviflora
Urtica dioica
Vaccinium vacciniaceum
Valeriana hardwickii
Vandopsis undulata
Veronica cana
Veronica cephaloides
Veronica javanica
Viburnum erubescens
Viola hookeri
Viola pilosa
Yushania maling
Zanthoxylum acanthopodium
Zanthoxylum armatum
Zehneria maysorensis
Zeuxine goodyeroides
Accipiter virgatus
Aegithalos iouschistos
Aegithalos concinnus
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anthus hodgsoni
Anthus spinoletta
Anthus sylvanus
Cephalopyrus flammiceps
Collocalia brevirostris
Columba livia
Copsychus saularis
Corvus splendens
Dicrurus macrocercus
Dicrurus leucophaeus
Garrulus glandarius
Hieraaetus pennatus
Hirundo rustica
Hirundo daurica
Ictinaetus malayensis
Jynx torquilla
Lophura leucomelana
Milvus migrans
Motacilla cinerea
Motacilla alba
Myiophonus caeruleus
Parus dichrous
Parus ater
Parus monticolus
Parus xanthogenys
Passer domesticus
Phylloscopus reguloides
Phylloscopus maculipennis
Phylloscopus inornatus
Seicercus burkii
Seicercus xanthoschistos
Spizaetus nipalensis
Streptopelia orientalis
Sylviparus modestus
Treron sphenura
Turdus albocinctus
Turdus boulboul
Turdus ruficollis
Urocissa flavirostris
Zoothera mollissima
Zoothera dauma


Threatened Species:

Plant Mammals Birds


Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:

Natural Heritage:

Cultural Significance:

Livelihood strategies: Agroforestry and mixed farming

Conservation Management:

Conservation History:

Conservation Challenges: Encroachments in to the forest land, habitat degradation, shortage of drinking water in the villages, poor infrastructure for ecotourism

Conservation Efforts:

Transboundary Features:

Corridor development possibilities: A good connectivity exists despite presence of some scattered holdings. A wide gap between the Ghoom Bhanjang Block of Darjeeling Range of Darjeeling Forest Division and Dhooteria Block of Senchal Range of Wild Life Division I can be linked through forest areas of the lower reacher of Ghoom and Pussimbing TGRL forests. Also, the local residents are found to be fully motivated and are actively participating for the conservation of forests and wildlife