Nepal side of KBR and BRS adjoining KCA

The proposed Kanchenjunga corridor on the Nepal side of Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve includes 19 village development committees in the districts of Taplejung, Panchthar, and Ilam in eastern Nepal. It runs along the Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in India and joins it with the Kangchenjunga Conservation Area in Nepal. It lies along the border between Nepal and India adjoining three protected areas in India. The proposed corridor have scattered forest patches and some have an intact continuum of forest or areas that can be reforested.

Map:

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  • Important Bird Areas
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  • Protected Area
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  • Corridor
    •    
  • Ecology
    • Deserts and xeric shurblands
    • Mangroves
    • Montane grasslands
    • Snow, ice, glaciers, and rock
    • Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
    • Temperate coniferous forests
    • Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    • Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests
    • Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
    • Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
    • Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
    • Water
  • Globe Land Cover
    • Irrigated croplands, Irrigated shrub or tree crops, Irrigated herbaceous crops
    • Rainfed croplands, Rainfed herbaceous crops, Rainfed shrub or tree crops
    • Mosaic Croplands/Vegetation, Mosaic Croplands/Grassland-Shrubland
    • Mosaic Vegetation/Croplands, Mosaic Grassland-Shrubland/Croplands, Mosaic Forest/Croplands
    • Closed to open broadleaved evergreen or semi-deciduous forest
    • Closed broadleaved deciduous forest
    • Open broadleaved deciduous forest
    • Closed needleleaved evergreen forest
    • Open needleleaved deciduous or evergreen forest
    • Closed to open mixed broadleaved and needleleaved forest, Mosaic Forest-Shrubland/Grassland
    • Mosaic Grassland/Forest-Shrubland
    • Closed to open - shrubland, broadleaved or needleleaved evergreen shrubland, broadleaved deciduous shrubland
    • Closed to open grassland, Closed grassland, Open grassland
    • Sparse vegetation, Sparse grassland, Sparse shrubland, Sparse trees
    • Closed to open broadleaved forest regularly flooded (fresh-brackish water)
    • Closed broadleaved forest permanently flooded (saline-brackish water)
    • Closed to open - vegetation regularly flooded, woody vegetation regularly flooded, grassland regularly flooded
    • Artificial areas
    • Bare areas, Consolidated bare areas, Non-consolidated bare areas, Salt hardpans
    • Water bodies
    • Permanent snow and ice
    • No data
  • Landscape
    •    
  • HKH Boundary
    •    

General Information:

Landscape: Kangchenjunga Protected Area Type: Corridor
Proposed Year: 2002 Area: 752 sq. km.

Geographical Features:

Country: Nepal
District(s): Taplejung, Panchthar, Ilam
Latitude: 27.09348457441 ,  27.44021780949
Longitude: 87.85587402988 ,  88.18297897746
Altitude: meter   to   meter
Average rain fall: N/A
Climate:

Biodiversity Features:

Province: Himalayan Highlands
Biomes: Mixed mountain systems
Vegetation:

Recorded Species:

Plants [368] Mammals [0] Birds [296]
Abelmoschu moschatus
Abies spectabilis
Abrus precatorius
Acacia pennata
Acer campbellii
Acer oblogum
Acer sikkimense
Achyranthes aspera
Aconitum ferox
Aconogonum molle
Acorus calamus
Actinidia callosa
Adenostemma lavenia
Agapetes incurvata
Agapetes serpens
Ageratina adenophora
Ainsliaea latifolia
Alangium salviifolium
Alnus nepalensis
Alstonia scholaris
Amischophacelus axillaris
Amomum subulatum
Anaphalis contorta
Anaphalis margaritacea
Aralia cachemirica
Arisaema consanguineum
Arisaema costatum
Arisaema erubescens
Artemisia dubia
Artemisia indica
Arthraxon lancifolius
Artocarpus lakoocha
Arundina graminifolia
Arundinaria falcata
Arundinaria maling
Asparagus racemosus
Aster tricephalus
Astilbe rivularis
Balanophora involucrata
Baliospermum corymbiferum
Barleria cristata
Bauhinia purpurea
Bauhinia vahlii
Begonia megaptera
Berberis angulosa
Berberis aristata
Berberis asiatica
Berberis chitria
Bergenia ciliata
Betula alnoides
Betula utilis
Bidens bipinnata
Bidens pilosa
Boehmeria clidemioides
Bombax ceiba
Bothriochloa intermedia
Brassaiopsis mitis
Bridelia retusa
Buddleja asiatica
Bulbostylis densa
Calanthe brevicornu
Calanthe plantaginea
Calanthe tricarinata
Calotropis gigantea
Campanula pallida
Cannabis sativa
Capillipedium assimile
Cardiocrinum giganteum
Carex filicina
Carpesium nepalense
Cassia fistula
Castanopsis hystrix
Castanopsis indica
Castanopsis tribuloides
Centella asiatica
Ceropegia hookeri
Ceropegia pubescens
Cestrum elegans
Chaerospondias axillaris
Chamabainia cuspidata
Chenopodium ambrosioides
Chenopodium album
Chlorophytum nepalense
Cinnamomum glaucescens
Cinnamomum tamala
Cinnamomum glanduliferum
Cirsium verutum
Citrus medica
Clematis buchananiana
Clematis acuminata
Clerodendrum serratum
Clerodendrum viscosum
Clinopodium umbrosum
Codonopsis convolvulacea
Codonopsis viridis
Coelogyne corymbosa
Coelogyne cristata
Colebrookea oppositifolia
Conyza stricta
Corydalis gowaniana
Costus speciosus
Crinum amoenum
Crotalaria tetragona
Cryptomeria japonica
Curcuma angustifolia
Cuscuta reflexa
Cyathocline purpurea
Cyathula capitata
Cymbidium iridioides
Cymbidium longifolium
Cynoglossum zeylanicum
Cyrtococcum accrescens
Daphne bholua
Daphne sureil
Daphniphyllum himalense
Datura stramonium
Debregeasia salicifolia
Deeringia amaranthoides
Dendrobium aphyllum
Dendrobium longicornu
Dendrophthoe falcata
Dichroa febrifuga
Dicliptera bupleuroides
Didymocarpus primulifolius
Dioscorea alata
Dobinea vulgaris
Drepanostachyum intermedium
Drymaria diandra
Drymaria villosa
Duchesnea indica
Edgaria darjeelingensis
Edgeworthia gardneri
Elaeagnus parvifolia
Elephantopus scaber
Eleuthercoccus cissifolius
Elsholtzia flava
Elsholtzia strobilifera
Engelhardtia spicata
Epigenium rotundatum
Erianthus ravennae
Erigeron bellidioides
Erythrina arborescens
Eulophia herbacea
Euodia fraxinifolia
Euonymus frigidus
Euphorbia royleana
Eurya acuminata
Eurya cerasifolia
Exbucklandia populnea
Ficus benghalensis
Ficus neriifolia
Ficus religiosa
Ficus semicordata
Ficus racemosa
Ficus auriculata
Fragaria nubicola
Fraxinus floribunda
Galinsoga parviflora
Galium aparine
Gamblea ciliata
Garuga pinnata
Gaultheria fragrantissima
Gaultheria hookeri
Gaultheria nummularioides
Gentiana pedicellata
Gonostegia hirta
Habenaria pectinata
Hedera nepalensis
Helixanthera parasitica
Hemerocallis fulva
Hemiphragma heterophyllum
Heracleum nepalense
Holboellia latifolia
Hydrangea robusta
Hydrocotyle himalaica
Hypericum choisianum
Hypericum uralum
Hypericum cordifolium
Hypoestes triflora
Ilex dipyrena
Impatiens graciliflora
Impatiens sulcata
Impatiens scabrida
Imperata cylindrica
Jasminum dispermum
Jasminum humile
Jasminum arborescens
Juglans regia
Juniperus indica
Juniperus recurva
Justicia adhatoda
Justicia procumbens
Kalanchoe spathulata
Lactuca glaucifolia
Lagerstroemia hirsuta
Lecanthus peduncularis
Lepidium sativum
Leptodermis lanceolata
Leucosceptrum canum
Lilium wallichianum
Lindera neesiana
Lindera pulcherrima
Lithocarpus elegans
Lithocarpus pachyphylla
Litsea monopetala
LOBELIA PYRAMIDALIS
Lonicera glabrata
Luculia gratissima
Lyonia ovalifolia
Macaranga pustulata
Macaranga indica
Maesa indica
Maesa chisia
Magnolia campbellii
Maharanga emodi
Mahonia napaulensis
Mahonia acanthifolia
Marsdenia roylei
Melia azedarach
Melissa axillaris
Mentha arvensis
Michelia doltsopa
Michelia velutina
Microstegium ciliatum
Mimosa pudica
Mirabilis jalapa
Morus macroura
Mucurna monosperma
Mussaenda roxburghii
Myriactis nepalensis
Myrica esculenta
Myrsine capitellata
Myrsine semiserrata
Nardostachys jatamansi
Nicotiana tabacum
Notochaete hamosa
Nymphaea stellata
Ocimum tenuiflorum
Oenanthe thomsonii
Osbeckia stellata
Osmanthus suavis
Oxalis corniculata
Paederia foetida
Panax pseudoginseng
Paris polyphylla
Passiflora edulis
Perilla frutescens
Persea odoratissima
Persea clarkeana
Persicaria hydropiper
Persicaria runcinata
Phlogacanthus thyrsiflorus
Phyllanthus emblica
Phytolacca acinosa
Pieris formosa
Pinus roxburghii
Pinus wallichiana
Piper longum
Piptanthus nepalensis
Pittosporum napaulense
Plantago erosa
Pleione hookeriana
Podophyllum hexandrum
Pogostemon amarantoides
Polygonatum oppositifolium
Porana grandiflora
Potentilla fulgens
Prunus cerasoides
Prunus cornuta
Prunus persica
Pseudognaphalium affine
Psidium guajava
Pycnoplinthopsis bhutanica
Pycreus sanguinolentus
Quercus glauca
Quercus lamellosa
Quercus semecarpifolia
Ranunculus hirtellus
Rauwolfia serpentina
Reinwardtia indica
Rhododendron arboreum
Rhododendron barbatum
Rhododendron campanulatum
Rhododendron cinnabarinum
Rhododendron dalhousiae
Rhododendron falconeri
Rhododendron fulgens
Rhododendron grande
Rhododendron lepidotum
Rhododendron lindleyi
Rhus hookeri
Rhus javanica
Rhus succedanea
Rorippa nasturtium-aquat
Roscoea purpurea
Rubia manjith
Rubus biflorus
Rubus calycinus
Rubus ellipticus
Rubus paniculatus
Rubus rugosus
Rubus treutleri
Rumex nepalensis
Saccharum spontaneum
Sapindus mukorossi
Sarcococca hookeriana
Sarcopyramis napalensis
Saurauia napaulensis
Saussurea gossypiphora
Schefflera impressa
Schefflera venulosa
Schima wallichii
Schisandra grandiflora
Scurrula elata
Senecio cappa
Senecio scandens
Setaria geniculata
Siegesbeckia orientalis
Smilacina oleracea
Smilax menispermoidea
Smilax ovalifolia
Smilax rigida
Spatholobus parviflorus
Spergula arvensis
Spilanthes calva
Spiraea arcuata
Spiranthes sinensis
Spondias pinnata
Sporobolus fertilis
Streptolirion volubile
Swertia chirayita
Swertia angustifolia
Swertia bimaculata
Symplocos pyrifolia
Symplocos ramosissima
Symplocos lucida
Syzygium cumini
Syzygium operculatum
Tagetes erecta
Taxus baccata
Terminalia chebula
Tetrastigma serrulatum
Thunbergia coccinea
Thysanolaena maxima
Toona ciliata
Torenia cordifolia
Trachelospermum lucidum
Trema orientalis
Trichosanthes tricuspidata
Tsuga dumosa
Tupistra aurantiaca
Urtica dioica
Vaccinium gaultheriifolium
Vaccinium vacciniaceum
Valeriana hardwickii
Valeriana jatamansi
Vandopsis undulata
Vernonia volkameriifolia
Viburnum cylindricum
Viburnum erubescens
Viola hamiltoniana
Viscum album
Vitex negundo
Zanthoxylum acanthopodium
Zanthoxylum armatum
Zanthoxylum oxyphyllum
Zizyphus mauritiana
Accipiter nisus
Accipiter gentilis
Accipiter virgatus
Accipiter trivirgatus
Accipiter badius
Acridotheres fuscus
Acridotheres tristis
Actinodura egertoni
Actinodura nipalensis
Aegithalos iouschistos
Aegithalos concinnus
Aegithina tiphia
Aethopyga gouldiae
Aethopyga nipalensis
Aethopyga saturata
Aethopyga siparaja
Aethopyga ignicauda
Alcedo atthis
Alcippe chrysotis
Alcippe castaneceps
Alcippe vinipectus
Alcippe nipalensis
Anser indicus
Anthus hodgsoni
Anthus sylvanus
Apus pacificus
Apus affinis
Aquila nipalensis
Arachnothera magna
Arborophila torqueola
Ardeola grayii
Aviceda jerdoni
Aythya fuligula
Blythipicus pyrrhotis
Brachypteryx montana
Brachypteryx leucophrys
Bubo nepalensis
Buteo buteo
Buteo hemilasius
Caprimulgus indicus
Carduelis spinoides
Carpodacus nipalensis
Carpodacus erythrinus
Carpodacus edwardsii
Certhia nipalensis
Certhia familiaris
Cettia fortipes
Cettia flavolivacea
Cettia acanthizoides
Cettia brunnifrons
Chaimarrornis leucocephalus
Chloropsis hardwickii
Ciconia nigra
Ciconia episcopus
Cinclus pallasii
Circus cyaneus
Cissa chinensis
Cochoa purpurea
Collocalia brevirostris
Columba hodgsonii
Columba pulchricollis
Copsychus saularis
Coracias benghalensis
Coracina novaehollandiae
Coracina melaschistos
Corvus splendens
Corvus macrorhynchos
Cuculus micropterus
Cuculus canorus
Cuculus saturatus
Cuculus poliocephalus
Culicicapa ceylonensis
Cutia nipalensis
Cyornis rubeculoides
Delichon nipalensis
Dendrocitta formosae
Dendrocopos darjellensis
Dendrocopos cathpharius
Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Dendrocopos macei
Dicaeum melanoxanthum
Dicaeum concolor
Dicaeum ignipectus
Dicrurus leucophaeus
Dicrurus aeneus
Dicrurus hottentottus
Dicrurus macrocercus
Egretta garzetta
Emberiza pusilia
Enicurus scouleri
Enicurus immaculatus
Enicurus schistaceus
Enicurus maculatus
Falco tinnunculus
Ficedula tricolor
Ficedula superciliaris
Ficedula westermanni
Ficedula hyperythra
Ficedula monileger
Ficedula strophiata
Ficedula parva
Gallinago solitaria
Gallinago nemoricola
Garrulax albogularis
Garrulax leucolophus
Garrulax striatus
Garrulax ocellatus
Garrulax caerulatus
Garrulax lineatus
Garrulax squamatus
Garrulax subunicolor
Garrulax affinis
Garrulax erythrocephalus
Garrulus glandarius
Glaucidium brodiei
Glaucidium cuculoides
Gypaetus barbatus
Gyps fulvus
Gyps bengalensis
Halcyon smyrnensis
Heterophasia annectans
Heterophasia capistrata
Hierococcyx varius
Hierococcyx sparverioides
Hirundapus caudacutus
Hirundo rustica
Hirundo daurica
Hypsipetes mcclellandii
Hypsipetes leucocephalus
Ictinaetus malayensis
Lanius cristatus
Lanius schach
Lanius tephronotus
Leiothrix argentauris
Leiothrix lutea
Leucosticte nemoricola
Lonchura punctulata
Lophura leucomelana
Luscinia brunnea
Megalaima virens
Megalaima asiatica
Melanochlora sultanea
Melophus lathami
Merops leschenaulti
Microhierax caerulescens
Milvus migrans
Minla cyanouroptera
Minla strigula
Minla ignotincta
Monticola cinclorhyncha
Monticola rufiventris
Monticola solitarius
Motacilla cinerea
Motacilla alba
Muscicapa ferruginea
Muscicapa sibirica
Muscicapa latirostris
Muscicapella hodgsoni
Myiomela leucura
Myiophonus caeruleus
Myzornis pyrrhoura
Niltava grandis
Niltava macgrigoriae
Niltava sundara
Oriolus traillii
Oriolus tenuirostris
Orthotomus sutorius
Paradoxornis unicolor
Paradoxornis fulvifrons
Paradoxornis nipalensis
Parus rubidiventris
Parus ater
Parus major
Parus monticolus
Parus spilonotus
Passer montanus
Passer domesticus
Pericrocotus flammeus
Pericrocotus brevirostris
Pericrocotus ethologus
Pericrocotus solaris
Pernis ptilorhyncus
Phaenicophaeus tristis
Phoenicurus hodgsoni
Phoenicurus frontalis
Phylloscopus reguloides
Phylloscopus trochiloides
Phylloscopus magnirostris
Phylloscopus pulcher
Phylloscopus maculipennis
Phylloscopus inornatus
Phylloscopus fuscatus
Phylloscopus affinis
Phylloscopus collybita
Picumnus innominatus
Picus chlorolophus
Picus flavinucha
Picus canus
Pnoepyga pusilla
Pnoepyga albiventer
Pomatorhinus erythrogenys
Pomatorhinus schisticeps
Pomatorhinus ruficollis
Prinia criniger
Prinia atrogularis
Prunella immaculata
Prunella strophiata
Psarisomus dalhousiae
Psittacula himalayana
Pteruthius rufiventer
Pteruthius flaviscapis
Pteruthius xanthochloris
Pteruthius melanotis
Pycnonotus cafer
Pycnonotus striatus
Pycnonotus leucogenys
Pyrrhoplectes epauletta
Pyrrhula nipalensis
Regulus regulus
Rhipidura albicollis
Rhipidura hypoxantha
Rhyacornis fuliginosus
Sarcogyps calvus
Saxicola caprata
Saxicola torquata
Saxicola ferrea
Scolopax rusticola
Seicercus poliogenys
Seicercus castaniceps
Seicercus xanthoschistos
Sitta frontalis
Sitta himalayensis
Sitta castanea
Spilornis cheela
Spizaetus nipalensis
Stachyris ruficeps
Stachyris chrysaea
Stachyris nigriceps
Streptopelia orientalis
Streptopelia chinensis
Sturnus malabaricus
Sylviparus modestus
Tadorna ferruginea
Tarsiger cyanurus
Tarsiger chrysaeus
Tarsiger indicus
Tarsiger hyperythrus
Tesia castaneocoronata
Tesia cyaniventer
Tichodroma muraria
Treron sphenura
Tringa ochropus
Troglodytes troglodytes
Turdoides nipalensis
Turdus unicolor
Turdus albocinctus
Turdus boulboul
Turdus rubrocanus
Turdus ruficollis
Upupa epops
Urocissa flavirostris
Urocissa erythrorhyncha
Xiphirhynchus superciliaris
Yuhina flavicollis
Yuhina gularis
Yuhina occipitalis
Yuhina nigrimenta
Yuhina zantholeuca
Zoothera mollissima
Zoothera dixoni
Zoothera dauma
Zoothera monticola
Zoothera citrina
Zosterops palpebrosus


Threatened Species:

Plant Mammals Birds
Gallinago nemoricola
Gyps bengalensis
Sarcogyps calvus


Socioeconomic Features:

Community Structure:

Natural Heritage:

Cultural Significance:

Livelihood strategies:

Conservation Management:

Conservation History:

Conservation Challenges: Poaching, Overharvesting of NTFPs, Forest and angeland encroachment, Forest fires, Habitat fragmentation, Transhumance system of animal grazing, poo infrastructure for ecotourism, little involvement of local level institution for conservation

Conservation Efforts:

Transboundary Features:

Corridor development possibilities: