International Conference on 

Green Economy and Sustainable Mountain Development

Opportunities and Challenges in View of Rio+20

Kathmandu, Nepal
5-7 September 2011 

Why this Conference?

Mountains are among the most fragile environments in the world. They are also a repository of biodiversity, water, and other ecosystem services. The influence of mountains and their goods and services reaches far beyond their geographical limits, extending to the surrounding lowlands. Mountains are an important source of vital ecosystem services which contribute to sustaining the local, national, regional, and global environment and economy. About half of the world’s population depends on mountains for fresh water, clean energy, irrigation water, minerals, forest products, recreation, and genetic resources. Half of the global biodiversity hotspots and one-third of all protected areas are in the mountains. Thus, mountains have an important role in promotion of green economy by playing an active role in strengthening ecosystem functions and resilience, including sequestering carbon dioxide emitted elsewhere.

Why a Green Economy?

The green economy approach is an effort to focus sustainable development and poverty reduction efforts on transforming economic activities and economies. Important components of the approach include the use of economic instruments, the creation of an investment-friendly environment, and directing public and private investment towards building natural capital stocks.