ICIMOD at the Thirteenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP13) 

Cancun, Mexico

4 – 17 December 2016

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is a global instrument to help develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. One hundred and ninety-three countries are party to the Convention, including ICIMOD’s eight regional member countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan. 

In recognition of the special vulnerability of biodiversity in mountain areas, the seventh Conference of Parties (CoP 7) in 2004 to the CBD agreed on the ‘Programme of Work on Mountain Biodiversity’ as decision VII/27. ICIMOD had been admitted as an observer to these discussions.  Mountains are specifically mentioned in paragraph 7 of Article 20 of the Convention text, which states that, with regard to funding and transfer of technology, developed country Parties shall take into “consideration the special situation of developing countries, including those that are most environmentally vulnerable, such as those with arid and semi-arid zones, coastal and mountainous areas." 

ICIMOD’s framework on Transboundary Landscapes through regional and bilateral cooperation using an integrated ecosystem approach is being implemented in various landscapes around the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH), in areas such as the Kailash Sacred Landscape, the Hindu Kush Karakoram Pamir Landscape, the Kanchenjunga Landscape and the Far Eastern Himalaya Landscape. The transboundary and ecosystem approach adopts the Programme of Work on Mountain Biodiversity from the CBD: the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. 

In a review and analysis of the implementation of CBD in the HKH, conducted by ICIMOD in 2010, we found certain factors that have affected the rate at which capacity has been built and the relative importance that each government has assigned to implementing the CBD. These factors include inadequate scientific capacity, political instability in some countries (violent conflicts in others), lack of capacity development, inaccessible resources, and emerging challenges posed by climate change. 

Building on this work, ICIMOD will attend the upcoming Thirteenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP13) to the CBD, participating in side events with its numerous partners from around the HKH. As an intergovernmental organization, ICIMOD will also participate as an observer at meeting directly related to ICIMOD objectives.

Two of these side events are:

Side event



Mainstreaming the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Mountain Biodiversity for Wellbeing 18:15, Friday, 9 December 2016 Like Minded Mega Diverse Regional Group Meeting Room, Sunrise Building, 2nd Floor
Achieving Conservation Outcomes through Integrated Landscape Approaches

13:15, Monday, 12 December 2016

Contact Group 8 Meeting Room, Universal Building, Main Floor