Country Office

ICIMOD-Pakistan Country Office
WRRI/NARC Premises
ParkRoad, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abdul Wahid Jasra

Country Representative
Phone:92-51-9255003, 8443660, 8443661
Fax: 92-51-9255005

Focal Ministry/Institution

Ministry of National Food Security and Research

Mr Seerat Asghar
Tel: 92-51-9203307,9210351
Fax: 92-51-9206689

Official name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Other names in use



Total : Total: 796,096 sq.km
HKH Part: 404,195 sq.km (51%)

Population (mid 2007) 2

Total : 169.30 millions
HKH part : 39.36 millions (23%)

Capital city


Major cities

Islamabad, Karachi, Quetta, Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi,Peshawar, Gujranwala, Hyderabad





Official languages

Urdu and English

National day

14th August

International dialing code


Sources: 1 Banskota, M., Sharma, P., 1994, Developmentof Poor Mountain Areas, ICIMOD; 2 Estimated based ondata and information from Population Reference Bureau, 2007 WorldPopulation Data Sheet and Banskota, m. 2004. The HinduKush-Himalayas: Searching for Viable Socioeconomic andEnvironmental Options, pp. 57-105, In: Banskota et al. (eds.)“Growth, Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Resource Managementin the Mountain Areas of South Asia, ICIMOD, Nepal.

Owl Image

K2 (8,611 m)

Owl Image

Nanga Parbat (8,125 m)

Owl Image

Gasherbrum I (8,068 m)

Owl Image

Broad Peak (8,047 m)

Owl Image

Gasherbrum II (8,035 m)



Convention for the Protection of Ozone Layer (ViennaConvention)- 1988


Convention on Biological Diversity


The Cartegena Protocol on Biosafety


Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species ofWildFauna and Flora (CITES)

Entry into force

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of WildAnimals

Entry into force

Convention on the Control of Transboundary MovementsofHazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Basel Convention) - 1992


Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar Convention)

Entry into force

Convention to Combat Desertification in those CountriesExperiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularlyin Africa - 1994

Entry into force

International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food andAgriculture -2001


International Plant Protection Convention-1952


Plant Protection Agreement for the Asia and the Pacific Region- 1956


United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea


Male Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution andits Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Entry into force

Kyoto Protocol

Entry into force

GDP per Capita (PPP)

Source: Human Development Report 2007/2008, United Nations Development Programme, http://www.statpak.gov.pk
US $ 2,370 (2007)

Major agricultural products

Cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, maize, tobacco, fruits, and vegetables, in addition to milk, beef, mutton, and eggs

Major industries

Chemical, electrical, machinery, fertilisers, steel, sugar, textile, tobacco

Altitude range

Lowest point: 0 m (Indian Ocean) Highest point: 8,611 m [K2 (Mt.Godwin-Austen)]

Major agro-climate zones

Pakistan has a continental panorama with magnificent mountainranges, plateaus (Potohar), deserts (Thar and Thal), plains(Punjab), rivers, lakes and the Arabian Sea. The Himalayan,Karakoram, Hindukush, Suleman and Salt ranges are some of the mostrenowned mountain ranges in the world with K-2 (second to MountEverest), Nanga Parbat and Tirich Meer as some of the highestpeaks in the world. FIve of the 14 highest peaks in the world aresituated in Pakistan. Pakistan boasts the densest concentration ofhigh mountains in the world, with 82 peaks over 7000 m (23,000feet) within a radius of 180 km (112 miles). The Himalayas andKarakoram rose to the heights when the northward drifting Indiangeological plate collided with the Asia plate, its northern edgenosing under the Asian plate and pushing up the mountains, stillcausing the mountains to rise 7 millimeters a year.

Pakistan enjoys a considerable measure of variety. The north andnorth-western high mountain ranges are extremely cold in winterwhile the summer months from April to September are very pleasant.The vast plains of the Indus Valley are extremely hot in summerand have cold weather in winter. The coastal strip in the southhas a temperate climate. There is general deficiency in rainfall.In the plains the annual average rainfall ranges from 13 cm in thenorthern parts of the lower Indus plains to 89 cm in the Himalayanregion. Rains are monsoonal in origin and fall late in summer.Average rainfall is 76 cm per annum.

Frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in northand west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July andAugust)

Water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, andagricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; mostof the population does not have access to potable water;deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

Major ethnic groups

Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir

Major religions

Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Parsi

Major languages

Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushto, Balochi

Major festivals

Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Sibe Festival, Basant Mela, Chiraghan,Nauroze