The Government of Nepal is a founding member of ICIMOD, along with seven other member states. Nepal has been a partner of ICIMOD since its inception and has been helping to meet its major objectives of poverty alleviation and environmental conservation in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. The Government of Nepal contributes to core support to ICIMOD and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests (MoAF) is the designated nodal agency. The incumbent Secretary of the MoAF formally represents in the ICIMOD Board of Governors. Nepal and ICIMOD has been working in the area of capacity building, institutional strengthening, internships, research and demonstration, and regional and international workshops and conferences, among other activities. ICIMOD`s partner institutions in Nepal include government agencies, development agencies, academic and research institutions, universities, NGOs and private sector.

Country Nodal Agency

Country Focal point 

Activities in Nepal

  • Atmosphere Initiative 
  • Cryospherre Initiative
  • Himalayan Adaptation, Water and Resilience (HI-AWARE) Research on Glacier and Snowpack Dependent River Basins for Improving Livelihoods
  • Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP) 
  • Kangchenjunga Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KLCDI) 
  • Koshi Basin Programme
  • Livelihoods and ecosystem services in the Himalayas: Enhancing adaptive capacity and resilience of the poor to climate and socioeconomic changes (AdaptHimal)
  • Rural Livelihoods and Climate Change Adaptation in the Himalayas (Himalica)
  • REDD Initiative 
  • SERVIR-Himalay
  • The Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KSLCDI)

Partners in Nepal

a) Strategic and Policy Partner:

Partners in this category support development and formulation of mountain-specific development strategies, policies and legislation. These key partners include focal ministries, national and regional organisations, and global partners, and the partnerships are usually formalized through a MoU.

  1. National Planning Commission, Kathmandu - Nodal Agency
  2. Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB), Kathmandu
  3. Dabur Nepal Pvt. Ltd, Kathmandu
  4. Department of Civil and Geomatics Engineering, Dhulikhel
  5. Department of Environment, MSTE, Kathmandu
  6. Department of Forests, Kathmandu
  7. Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM), Kathmandu
  8. Department of Irrigation (DoI), Kathmandu
  9. Department of Livestock Services, Kathmandu
  10. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC), Kathmandu
  11. Department of Plant Resources, MFSC, Kathmandu
  12. Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention (DWIDP), Kathmandu
  13. Environment Division, MoFSC, Kathmandu
  14. Environmental Camps for Conservation Awareness (ECCA), Kathmandu
  15. Forest Resource Assessment (FRA), Kathmandu
  16. Integrated Development Society Nepal (IDS Nepal), Kathmandu
  17. Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Kathmandu
  18. Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MoSTE), Kathmandu
  19. Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), Lalitpur
  20. Nepal Mountaineering Association, Kathmandu
  21. Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (WECS), Kathmandu
  22. World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Kathmandu

b) Implementation Partner:

Partners in this category include operational partners and research partners. They support regional programme implementation either individually in the RMCs or through the consortium of partners, usually formalized through a LoA with financial obligations.

  1. Asian Institute of Technology and Management (AITM), Kathmandu
  2. Bird Conservation Nepal (BCN), Kathmandu
  3. Center for Environmental and Agricultural Policy Research, Extension and Development (CEAPRED), Kathmandu
  4. Central Department of Geography, Tribhuvan University (CDG, TU), Kathmandu
  5. Centre for the Study of Labour and Mobility (CESLAM), Kathmandu
  6. Climate Alliance for Himalayan Communities (CAHC), Kathmandu
  7. Dalit Alliance for Natural Resources, Kathmandu
  8. Department of Agriculture, Kathmandu
  9. Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM), Kathmandu
  10. Environment Conservation and Development Forum, Taplejung
  11. Environment, Culture, Agriculture, Research and Development Society Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
  12. Green Forum Nepal, Lalitpur
  13. Green Governance Nepal, Kathmandu
  14. HELVETAS Swiss Interco operation Nepal (HELVETAS), Kathmandu
  15. Himalayan Women Welfare Society, Kathmandu
  16. Institute of Forestry (IOF), Kathmandu
  17. Integrated Development Society Nepal (IDS Nepal), Kathmandu
  18. International Water Management Institute (IWMI), Lalitpur
  19. Kathmandu Living Labs, Kathmandu
  20. Kathmandu University (KU), Kathmandu
  21. Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Kathmandu
  22. National Association of Village Development Committees in Nepal (NAVIN), Kathmandu
  23. Nepal Development Research Institute, Kathmandu
  24. Nepal Forests' Association, Kathmandu
  25. Nepal Health Research Council, Kathmandu
  26. Nepal Institute of Development Studies, Kathmandu
  27. Nepal Water Conservation Foundation (NWCF), Kathmandu
  28. Nepal Wireless, Pokhara
  29. Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS), Lalitpur
  30. PHOTO.CIRCLE, Kathmandu
  31. Practical Action, Kathmandu
  32. Research Centre for Applied Science and Technology (RECAST), Kathmandu
  33. SAARC Business Association of Home Based Workers, Lalitpur
  34. South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics, SANDEE, Lalitpur
  35. Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (WECS), Kathmandu
  36. World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Kathmandu
  37. Young Innovations Pvt Ltd, Kathmandu

c) Knowledge Partners and Network: 

Partners in this category include universities and academic institutions; regional and global network organisations; science partners and thematic networks; institutions engaged in advocacy, outreach, knowledge sharing and exchange and dissemination including media organisations and publication houses. 

  1. Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC), Kathmandu
  2. Asia Centre for Development, Kathmandu
  3. Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) , Kathmandu
  4. Environmental Resources Institute (ERI), Lalitpur
  5. Federation of community Forestry Users Nepal (FECOFUN), Bhaktapur
  6. Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce and Industry, Kathmandu
  7. Forest Action, Kathmandu
  8. Himalayan Cryosphere, Climate and Disaster Research Center (HiCCDRC), Kathmandu
  9. Jalshrot Bikash Sansthan (JVS), Kathmandu
  10. Kathmandu Forestry College, Kathmandu
  11. Koshi victims Society (KVS), Saptari
  12. Leasehold Forestry & Livestock Programme (LFLP), Lalitpur
  13. MinErgy Pvt Ltd, Lalitpur
  14. Nabil Bank Private Limited, Kathmandu
  15. National Information Technology Center (NITC) , Kathmandu
  16. National Society for Earthquake Technology-Nepal (NSET), Kathmandu
  17. Nepal Mountaineering Association, Kathmandu
  18. Real Time Solutions, Kathmandu
  19. REDD-Forestry and Climate Change Cell, MFSC, Kathmandu
  20. Small Earth Nepal (SEN), Kathmandu
  21. Smart Power Private Limited, Kathmandu
  22. Society of Hydrologist and Meteorologist (SOHAM), Kathmandu
  23. South Asia Partnership International, Lalitpur
  24. The Central Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Tribhuvan University (CDHM, TU), Kathmandu
  25. Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur
  26. Women Organization for Change in Agriculture and NRM (WOCAN), Kathmandu

River Systems

The following table provides some details on the major river systems of Nepal:

Major River Systems



The Koshi river basin is the largest river basin in Nepal. It covers a total catchment area of 60,400 sq km, out of which 46%, or 27,863 sq km, lies in Nepal and the remaining in Tibet, China. The three main tributaries of the Koshi River are Sunkoshi, Arun and Tamur.


The Narayani river basin has a total catchment area of 34,960 sq km and close to 90% of the catchment lies in Nepalese territory. The major tributaries are the Trishuli, Budhi Gandaki,

Marsyangdi, Seti and Kaligandaki.


The Karnali River at Chisapani has a total catchment area of 43,679 sq km. The main tributaries of Karnali are West Seti, Bheri, Humla

Karnali, Mugu, Karnali, Singa Tila, Lohare and Thuli Gad.


The Mahakali River is a border river in most of its reaches, and forms the western border between Nepal and India. This river originates in Api Himal. The total catchment of the Mahakali basin is 15,260 sq km. Thirty-four per cent of the catchment area lies in Nepal

Other major ones

There are five medium river basins, viz Kankai, Kamala, Bagmati, West Rapti and Babai.

Each of these medium rivers are primary and rain-fed, and originate in the Mahabharat Range

Source: http://www.moen.gov.np/pdf_files/national_water_plan.pdf