The Republic of India is a founding member of ICIMOD, along with seven other member states. India has been a partner of ICIMOD since its inception and has been helping to meet its major objectives of poverty alleviation and environmental conservation in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. India contributes core support to ICIMOD, with the Ministry of Forest and Environment as the nodal ministry for ICIMOD in India. The GB Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development (GBPIHED), under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, serves as the lead institution for the facilitation and coordination of ICIMOD’s activities in India. The incumbent Secretary of the Ministry of Forest and Environment formally represents India on the ICIMOD Board of Governors. India and ICIMOD have been working in the area of capacity building, institutional strengthening, internships, research and demonstration, and regional and international workshops and conferences, among other activities. ICIMOD`s partner institutions in India include government agencies, development agencies, academic and research institutions, universities, NGOs and private sector.

Country Nodal Agency

Focal Institute

Country Focal Point

Activities in India

  • Atmosphere Initiative
  • Cryosphere Initiative
  • Himalayan Adaptation, Water and Resilience (HI-AWARE) Research on Glacier and Snowpack Dependent River Basins for Improving Livelihoods
  • Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP)
  • Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KSLCDI) 
  • Kangchenjunga Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KLCDI) 
  • Koshi Basin Programme
  • Livelihoods and ecosystem services in the Himalayas: Enhancing adaptive capacity and resilience of the poor to climate and socioeconomic changes (AdaptHimal)
  • SERVIR-Himalaya

Partners in India

a) Strategic and Policy Partner:

Partners in this category support development and formulation of mountain-state development strategies, policies and legislation. These key partners include focal ministries, national and regional organisations, and global partners.

  1. Ministry of Environment and Forests and Climate Change, New Delhi - Nodal Agency
  2. Bihar State Disaster Management Authority (BSDMA), Patna
  3. Department of Forest, Government of Sikkim
  4. Department of Forest, Government of West Bengal
  5. Department of Forests, Government of Arunachal Pradesh
  6. Forest Department of Uttarakhand, Dehradun
  7. GB Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development (Almora, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh)
  8. India Meteorological Department (IMD), Delhi
  9. National Institute of Administrative Research, Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie
  10. Reuters Market Light, Mumbai
  11. State Biodiversity Board, Dehradun

b) Implementation Partner:

Partners in this category include operational partners and research partners. They support regional programme implementation either individually in the RMCs or through the consortium of partners, usually formalized through a LoA with financial obligations.

  1. Advanced Center for Water Resources Development and Management (ACWADAM), Pune
  2. A N Sinha Institute of Social Studies (ANSISS), Patna
  3. AARANYAK, Guwahati
  4. Birla Institute of Technology (BIT), Ranchi
  5. Central Himalayan Environment Association (CHEA), Nainital
  6. Centre for Ecology Development & Research, Dehradun
  7. DHI (India) Water and Environment Pvt Ltd, New Delhi
  8. Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh
  9. GB Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development (Almora, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh)
  10. Greentech Knowledge Solutions, New Delhi
  11. Indian Council of Agriculture Research- Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna
  12. Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT), Kanpur
  13. Institute for Himalayan Environment Research and Education (INHERE), Almora
  14. Institute of Economic Growth, University of Delhi Enclave (IEG), Delhi
  15. Institute of Integrated Resource Management, Dakergaon
  16. Megh Pyne Abhiyan, Delhi
  17. National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM), New Delhi
  18. South Asian Forum for Environment (SAFE), Kolkata
  19. Swayam Shikshan Prayog, Mumbai
  20. The Energy and Resource Institute, New Delhi
  21. The Mountain Institute, Gangtok
  22. The North East Slow Food and Agrobiodiversity Society, Shillong
  23. Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Dehradun

c) Knowledge Partners and Network:

Partners in this category include universities and academic institutions; regional and global network organisations; science partners and thematic networks; institutions engaged in advocacy, outreach, knowledge sharing and exchange and dissemination including media organisations and publication houses. 

  1.  Aajeevika, New Delhi
  2. Appropriate Technologies,  New Delhi
  3. Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital
  4. Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment, Darjeeling
  5. CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur
  6. Divecha Center for Climate Change Indian Institution of Science, Greentech Knowledge Solution (GKSPL), Banglore 
  7. Dr. YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan
  8. Forest Research Institute, Dehradun
  9. Foundation of Innovation and Technology Transfer (FITT), Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi 
  10. Himachal Pradesh Forest Department, Shimla
  11. Himalayan Action Research Center (HARC), Dehradun
  12. HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar
  13. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore
  14. Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Mohali
  15. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune
  16. Indian Space Research organization, Bangalore
  17. Jawaharlal Neharu University, Delhi
  18. Meghalaya Basin Development Authority, Shillong
  19. Meghalaya Livelihoods Improvement Project, Shillong
  20. National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), Noida
  21. National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee
  22. National Remote Sensing Centre, Hyderabad
  23. Shoolini University, Solan
  24. Sikkim University, Sikkim
  25. Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai
  26. Uttarakhand Livelihood Improvement Project, Dehradun
  27. Uttarakhand Organic Commodity Board, Dehradun
  28. Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (WIHG), Deharadun
  29. Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Dehradun

River Systems

The following table provides some details on the major river systems of India: 

Major River Systems


Indus River System


Indus River is one of the longest rivers in the world, with a length of some 2,900 km). The main tributaries include Shyok river, Zanskar river, Suru river, Pangong Lake, Spanggur Tso, Tso Morari Lake and Tsokar Lake

Brahmaputra River System

The Brahmaputra covers a catchment area of about 580,000 Sq.km. The principal tributaries in India are the Subansiri, Jia Bhareli, Dhansiri, Puthimari, Pagladiya and the Manas.

Ganga River System

The Ganga (Ganges) rises from the Gangotri Glacier in the Garhwal Himalayas at an elevation of some 4100 msl.

Yamuna River System

The Yamuna originates from the Yamunotri glacier, 6387 msl. The river flows 1211 km to its confluence with the River Ganga at Allahabad. The main tributaries joining the river include the Hindon, Chambal, Sind, Betwa and Ken.

Narmada River System

The Narmada in central India forms the traditional boundary between North India and South India, and is a total of 1,313 km long. Of the major rivers of peninsular India, only the Narmada, the Tapti and the Mahi run from east to west.

Tapti River System

The Tapi of central India. It is one of the major rivers of peninsular India with the length of around 724 km; it runs from east to west.

Godavari River System

The river with second longest course within India, Godavari is often referred to as the Vriddh (Old) Ganga or the Dakshin (South) Ganga.

Source: http://india-wris.nrsc.gov.in/wrpinfo/?title=River_Info