Training on Hydrogeology to Enhance the Capacity for Springwater Management in Mid Hills of the Hindu Kush Himalayas


International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, in collaboration with the Advanced Centre on Water Resources Development and Management (ACWADAM), Pune, will conduct training on spring-water management in the mid hills of Hindu Kush Himalayas from 2–6 June 2014. The five-day training programme will combine interactive classroom sessions, hands-on practical work, and fieldwork.

Objectives of the training are

  1. To understand spring hydrogeology; and
  2. To improve understanding of spring-water management, both supply (recharge, distribution) and demand side (conservation, protection).

Training Themes

This training will touch upon four major themes:

  • Introduction to groundwater: Its importance in South Asia, with particular reference to the Himalayan context
  • Hydrogeology: Understanding rocks, aquifers and mountain springs
  • Field hydrogeology: Application of hydrogeology for understanding spring systems and their management, including recharge and conservation
  • Spring-water management in a watershed context: Integrating social and hydrogeological aspects for sustainable spring management

Training Outcomes

  • At the end of the training, participants will be able to:
  • Identify and map rocks in the field using field instruments and systematic observations
  • Classify springs into various types and determine their link to spring-sheds and mountain aquifers
  • Understand aquifer properties and spring types based on hydrographs of spring discharge, precipitation and geology
  • Derive preliminary inferences on treatment in a watershed based on the drainage/geology/structure/springs in the watershed
  • Identify recharge zones for springs and help communities in planning appropriate recharge and conservation interventions

ACWADAM is a not-for-profit organization with expertise in earth and water sciences. It works on groundwater science and ‘aquifer based participatory processes’ by involving scientists, community members, and policy makers. Over the last fifteen years, ACWADAM has partnered with various organizations across the world for its research and training activities. It currently works in about 20 different locations in India that collectively represent the country’s groundwater typology. ACWADAM’s work has been applied to areas of high risk and vulnerability such as the flood plains of North Bihar, the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, the tribal hinterlands of Jharkhand and the drylands of Madhya Pradesh. Of particular relevance to this training program is ACWADAM’s hydrogeological work in the mountainous terrain of the Himalayas and the Western Ghats. For more information please visit:


Dr Himanshu Kulkarni is the founder trustee and executive director of ACWADAM. He has been working on issues of groundwater resources for nearly 30 years and specializes in linking the science of groundwater with the practice and policy of groundwater management. His research on the occurrence and movement of groundwater in the hard-rock regions of India is well-recognized among academic and research circles. In his work he blends his field experience, academic research and his knowledge of the corporate sector. Under his leadership, ACWADAM is emerging as a leading NGO in the water sector of India.

Kaustubh Mahamuni is the lead scientist and coordinator for ACWADAM’s work in the Indian Himalayan Region. He also has experience working in the hard rock terrain of south India.

Amit Upmanyu’s background in social sciences enables him to address both the technical and social aspects of groundwater management.